Reversible and irreversible low-pressure membrane foulants in drinking water treatment: Identification by principal component analysis of fluorescence EEM and mitigation by biofiltration pretreatment.

@article{Peldszus2011ReversibleAI,
  title={Reversible and irreversible low-pressure membrane foulants in drinking water treatment: Identification by principal component analysis of fluorescence EEM and mitigation by biofiltration pretreatment.},
  author={Sigrid Peldszus and Cynthia Hall{\'e} and Ramila Hishantha Peiris and Mohamed Hamouda and Xiaohui Jin and Raymond L. Legge and Hector M. Budman and C. Moresoli and Peter Melvin Huck},
  journal={Water research},
  year={2011},
  volume={45 16},
  pages={
          5161-70
        }
}
With the increased use of membranes in drinking water treatment, fouling--particularly the hydraulically irreversible type--remains the main operating issue that hinders performance and increases operational costs. The main challenge in assessing fouling potential of feed water is to accurately detect and quantify feed water constituents responsible for membrane fouling. Utilizing fluorescence excitation-emission matrices (EEM), protein-like substances, humic and fulvic acids, and particulate… CONTINUE READING
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