Reverse remodeling of the atria after treatment of chronic stretch in humans: implications for the atrial fibrillation substrate.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this report was to study the effect of chronic stretch reversal on the electrophysiological characteristics of the atria in humans. BACKGROUND Atrial stretch is an important determinant for atrial fibrillation. Whether relief of stretch reverses the substrate predisposed to atrial fibrillation is unknown. METHODS Twenty-one patients with mitral stenosis undergoing mitral commissurotomy (MC) were studied before and after intervention. Catheters were placed at multiple sites in the right atrium (RA) and sequentially within the left atrium (LA) to determine: effective refractory period (ERP) at 10 sites (600 and 450 ms) and P-wave duration (PWD). Bi-atrial electroanatomic maps determined conduction velocity (CV) and voltage. In 14 patients, RA studies were repeated >or=6 months after MC. RESULTS Immediately after MC, there was significant increase in mitral valve area (2.1 +/- 0.2 cm(2), p < 0.0001) with decrease in LA (23 +/- 7 mm Hg to 10 +/- 4 mm Hg, p < 0.0001) and pulmonary arterial pressures (38 +/- 16 mm Hg to 27 +/- 12 mm Hg, p < 0.0001) and LA volume (75 +/- 20 ml to 52 +/- 18 ml, p < 0.0001). This was associated with reduction in PWD (139 +/- 19 ms to 135 +/- 20 ms, p = 0.047), increase in CV (LA: 1.3 +/- 0.3 mm/ms to 1.7 +/- 0.2 mm/ms, p = 0.006; and RA: 1.0 +/- 0.1 mm/ms to 1.3 +/- 0.3 mm/ms, p = 0.002) and voltage (LA: 1.7 +/- 0.6 mV to 2.5 +/- 1.0 mV, p = 0.005; and RA: 1.8 +/- 0.6 mV to 2.2 +/- 0.7 mV, p = 0.09), and no change in ERP. Late after MC, mitral valve area remained at 2.1 +/- 0.3 cm(2) (p = 0.7) but with further decrease in PWD (113 +/- 19 ms, p = 0.04) and RA ERP (at 600 ms, p < 0.0001), with increase in CV (1.0 +/- 0.1 mm/ms to 1.3 +/- 0.2 mm/ms, p = 0.006) and voltage (1.8 +/- 0.7 mV to 2.8 +/- 0.6 mV, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS The atrial electrophysiologic and electroanatomic abnormalities that result from chronic stretch due to MS reverses after MC. These observations suggest that the substrate predisposing to atrial arrhythmias might be reversed.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.10.046

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@article{John2010ReverseRO, title={Reverse remodeling of the atria after treatment of chronic stretch in humans: implications for the atrial fibrillation substrate.}, author={Bobby John and Martin K. Stiles and Pawel Kuklik and Anthony Brooks and Sunil Thomas Chandy and Jonathan Kalman and Prashanthan Sanders}, journal={Journal of the American College of Cardiology}, year={2010}, volume={55 12}, pages={1217-26} }