Revealing the prehistoric settlement of Australia by Y chromosome and mtDNA analysis.

  title={Revealing the prehistoric settlement of Australia by Y chromosome and mtDNA analysis.},
  author={Georgi Hudjashov and Toomas Kivisild and Peter A. Underhill and Phillip Endicott and Juan Jose Sanchez and Alice A. Lin and Peidong Shen and Peter J. Oefner and Colin Renfrew and Richard Villems and Peter F. R. Forster},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={104 21},
Published and new samples of Aboriginal Australians and Melanesians were analyzed for mtDNA (n=172) and Y variation (n=522), and the resulting profiles were compared with the branches known so far within the global mtDNA and the Y chromosome tree. (i) All Australian lineages are confirmed to fall within the mitochondrial founder branches M and N and the Y chromosomal founders C and F, which are associated with the exodus of modern humans from Africa approximately 50-70,000 years ago. The… CONTINUE READING
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