Returning Jewish Cultural Property: The Handling of Books Looted by the Nazis in the American Zone of Occupation, 1945 to 1952

@article{Waite2002ReturningJC,
  title={Returning Jewish Cultural Property: The Handling of Books Looted by the Nazis in the American Zone of Occupation, 1945 to 1952},
  author={Robert George Lesson Waite},
  journal={Libraries \& Culture},
  year={2002},
  volume={37},
  pages={213 - 228}
}
  • R. Waite
  • Published 1 August 2002
  • History
  • Libraries & Culture
At the end of World War II, American troops discovered depots filled with millions of books that had been seized by the Nazis throughout Europe. The confiscation was part of the systematic effort by the Nazis to eradicate the Jews from Europe. Beginning in 1945, American occupation forces consolidated the books at the Offenbach Archival Depot for processing and eventual restitution to the country of origin and the books' owners. Several individuals and organizations were instrumental in this… 

Cultural Genocide and Restitution: The Early Wave of Jewish Cultural Restitution in the Aftermath of World War II

  • Leora Bilsky
  • Sociology
    International Journal of Cultural Property
  • 2020
Abstract Cultural restitution in international law typically aims to restore cultural property to the state of origin. The experience of World War II raised the question of how to adapt this

RETURNING LOOTED EUROPEAN LIBRARY COLLECTIONS: AN HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE OFFENBACH ARCHIVAL DEPOT, 1945–1948

In 1944, Pierce Butler wrote, “ever since libraries have existed, war has been one of the chief agencies of [their] annihilation.” 2 The looting and destruction of cultural treasures during wartime

Non-restitutable Books and the Library That Never Was

This chapter continues with the theme of confiscated books by examining the short-lived plan to build a World Jewish Library in Europe, under the auspices of UNESCO, as a home for a portion of

Cultural Policy in a Time of War: The American Response to Endangered Books in World War II

  • K. Peiss
  • Political Science
    Libr. Trends
  • 2007
Three key factors are focused on: the new role of intellectual and cultural elites, who forged close ties with the state; the expansion of intelligence gathering and its unintended consequences for the preservation of cultural material; and the extraordinary actions of individual librarians, curators, and ordinary soldiers on the ground, who improvised solutions to the problems of preservation and restoration.

Travelling to the Past, Creating the Future: Gershom Scholem's Journey to Germany in 1946

In 1946 Gershom Scholem was sent to Germany by the Hebrew University as a delegate to the Commission for Jewish Cultural Reconstruction. The aim of this journey to a devastated land was to locate

World War II Archivists: In the Field and on the Home Front

In response to the widespread looting and destruction of cultural property in the European Theater during World War II, the Allies established the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFAA)

‘Swing, They’re Burning Books’

In July 1940, Life magazine published a series of paintings and drawings made by American and British children who had been asked to respond creatively to the war news.1 The first paintings

The “Sleazy” 1 Underbelly of Museum Collecting: Archiving Theft in Museums

The field of museum archives has, in the past twenty-five years, slowly been recognized as a profession in its own right. Historically, Museum Studies and Archives programs do not meld extensively in

Lucy S. Dawidowicz and the Restitution of Jewish Cultural Property

in September of 1946, Lucy Schildkret, who later in life would earn renown under her married name, Lucy S. Dawidowicz,2 as an “intentionalist” historian of the Holocaust,3 sailed to Europe to work

The Literature of American Library History, 2001-2002

This is the fifth time I have composed this overview of current writings on American library history, which means that for the past ten years I have carefully monitored the amount and variety of

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES

Art as Politics in the Third Reich.

The political elite of Nazi Germany perceived itself as a cultural elite as well. This work explores the elite's cultural aspirations by examining both the formulation of a national aesthetic policy

Captured German and Related Records: A National Archives Conference

This is clearly a major book, the most important one on Chinese foreign policy since Jay Taylor's China and Southeast Asia. The author, who is well known in China-watching circles, has had a

Confiscation of libraries and assignments to forced labor : Two documents of the Holocaust

The two documents presented here testify to the fate of Jewish library collections during the Holocaust and to the inhuman conditions which prevailed in the library division of the Reich Security

Final summary report

chief, Library of Congress Mission, to Lt. Gen

  • Lucius D. Clay,
  • 1946

For a discussion of the fate of a collection of cultural items seized by the Nazis

  • in Leo Baeck Institute, Year Book 1995,
  • 1995

Final Summary Report,” LOC-EMCAP, box 6; and Reuben Peiss, “European Wartime Acquisitions and the Library of Congress Mission,

  • Library Journal
  • 1946