Retrospective case study of carbon dioxide laser stapedotomy with lens-based and mirror-based micromanipulators.

@article{Lescanne2003RetrospectiveCS,
  title={Retrospective case study of carbon dioxide laser stapedotomy with lens-based and mirror-based micromanipulators.},
  author={Emmanuel Lescanne and Sylvain Morini{\`e}re and Catherine Gohler and Aur{\'e}lia Manceau and Patrice Beutter and Alain Robier},
  journal={The Journal of laryngology and otology},
  year={2003},
  volume={117 4},
  pages={256-60}
}
Most clinical studies on carbon dioxide (CO2) (lambda = 10.6 mm) laser stapedotomy have been carried out with the laser guided by a conventional lens-based micromanipulator, with the attendant risks of correct aiming (HeNe) and surgical (CO2) beam misalignment. Hence, engineering advances have attempted to improve laser targeting as well as the spot size… CONTINUE READING