Retrospective Self-Reports of Changes in Homosexual Orientation: A Consumer Survey of Conversion Therapy Clients

@article{Nicolosi2000RetrospectiveSO,
  title={Retrospective Self-Reports of Changes in Homosexual Orientation: A Consumer Survey of Conversion Therapy Clients},
  author={Joseph Nicolosi and A. Dean Byrd and Richard W. Potts},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  year={2000},
  volume={86},
  pages={1071 - 1088}
}
We present the results of a survey of 882 dissatisfied homosexual people whom we queried about their beliefs regarding conversion therapy and the possibility of change in sexual orientation. There were 70 closed-ended questions on the survey and 5 open-ended ones. Of the 882 participants, 726 of them reported that they had received conversion therapy from a professional therapist or a pastoral counselor. Of the participants 779 or 89.7% viewed themselves as “more homosexual than heterosexual… 

Tables from this paper

Clients' Perceptions of How Reorientation Therapy and Self-Help Can Promote Changes in Sexual Orientation

TLDR
The majority reported they believed sexual reorientation therapy and various forms of self-help were helpful to them, psychologically, spiritually, and sexually.

Self-reports of sexual attraction change in a sample of male psychotherapy consumers in a private practice setting

The purpose of this study was to see if clients in a private practice therapy setting reported any changes in how they rated their sexual attraction, their stated goal. The therapy was conducted

Sexual Orientation Change Efforts Through Psychotherapy for LGBQ Individuals Affiliated With the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

TLDR
Results suggest that the very low likelihood of a modification of sexual orientation and the ambiguous nature of any such change should be important considerations for highly religious sexual minority individuals considering reorientation therapy.

Sexual Orientation Change Efforts in Men: A Client Perspective

This study concerned the psychological and social characteristics of 117 men dissatisfied with their same-sex attraction who had pursued sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE). We specifically

Gay Rights, Patient Rights: The Implications of Sexual Orientation Conversion Therapy

Therapies designed to change sexual orientation have come under increasing scrutiny from the profession and the public. The proposition that sexual orientation can be changed therapeutically is

Self-Reported Sexual Orientation and Identity Before and After Sexual Reorientation Therapy

Researchers disagree on whether sexual reorientation (i.e., conversion or reparative) therapy (SRT) can change sexual orientation. Much of the recent research relies on participants from a particular

RETRACTED: Effects of Therapy on Religious Men Who Have Unwanted Same-Sex Attraction

TLDR
In this study, most of those who participated in group or professional help had heterosexual shifts in sexual attraction, sexual identity and behavior with large statistical effect sizes, similarly moderate-to-marked decreases in suicidality, depression, substance abuse, and increases in social functioning and self-esteem.

Sexual orientation change efforts among current or former LDS church members.

TLDR
The overall results support the conclusion that sexual orientation is highly resistant to explicit attempts at change and that SOCE are overwhelmingly reported to be either ineffective or damaging by participants.

Evolutionary arguments against the de facto re-pathologising of homosexuality

Homosexuality or same-sex sexual orientation has a very long history in the medical field as pathology of sexuality, starting from the nineteenth century (Bullough, 1974; Adams and Sturgis, 1977;

Influence of Family, Religion, and Social Conformity on Client Participation in Sexual Reorientation Therapy

This study examined the likelihood of participating in sexual reorientation therapy (SRT) based on actual or expected family reactions to the disclosure of one's same-sex sexuality, religious
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES

Group psychotherapy for men who are homosexual.

  • L. Birk
  • Psychology
    Journal of sex & marital therapy
  • 1974
TLDR
Male–female group psychotherapy can foster therapeutic insight through associative resonance, can provide models, support, and reinforcement for new behavior: heterosexual interest and activity, increased assertiveness, identification with the male therapist, and the corrective emotional experience of simultaneous rapport with the man and the woman.

Homosexuality: the ethical challenge.

  • G. Davison
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1976
TLDR
It is suggested that behavior therapists have not attended sufficiently to the factors influencing the desire of some homosexuals to change their sexual orientation and it is proposed that therapy to help homosexuals change and concentrate instead on improving the quality of their interpersonal relationships.

Attitudes and Experiences of Psychoanalysts in Analyzing Homosexual Patients

  • H. Macintosh
  • Psychology
    Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
  • 1994
In response to a survey, 285 psychoanalysts reported having analyzed 1215 homosexual patients, resulting in 23 percent changing to heterosexuality and 84 percent receiving significant therapeutic

The practice and ethics of sexual orientation conversion therapy.

  • D. C. Haldeman
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1994
TLDR
The need to develop more complex models for conceptualizing sexual orientation is discussed, as well as the need to provide treatments to gay men and lesbians that are consonant with psychology's stance on homosexuality.

Dealing with Issues of Homosexuality: A Qualitative Study of Six Mormons

Individuals who experience feelings of homosexual attraction and yet maintain commitment to the LDS Church, with its strong prohibition against homosexual behavior, face a difficult challenge. Mormon

The effectiveness of psychotherapy. The Consumer Reports study.

  • M. Seligman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American psychologist
  • 1995
TLDR
It is concluded that the Consumer Reports survey complements the efficacy method, and that the best features of these two methods can be combined into a more ideal method that will best provide empirical validation of psychotherapy.

The Hidden Minority

This article provides an overview of salient issues related to scientific and therapeutic work with lesbian women and gay men. It is presented in five sections which provide the reader with a review

Contemporary Perspectives on Psychotherapy with Lesbians and Gay Men

I. New Perspectives on Theory and Practice in Psychotherapy.- 1. Psychotherapy with Gay Men and Lesbians: A History of Controversy.- 2. Reconceptualizing Individual Psychotherapy with Gay Men and

Training Issues for Counseling Psychologists in Working with Lesbian Women and Gay Men

Counseling psychology professional organizations clearly state that discrimination on the basis of minority status-be it racial/ethnic, sexual orientation, gender, or other-is unethical and

Affirmative Psychotherapy for Lesbian Women

This article explores the unique issues and concerns facing lesbian women in our culture. Theoretical issues and effective therapeutic interventions in counseling lesbians are examined. Specific
...