Retrograde ureteropyeloscopic treatment of 2 cm. or greater upper urinary tract and minor Staghorn calculi.

@article{Grasso1998RetrogradeUT,
  title={Retrograde ureteropyeloscopic treatment of 2 cm. or greater upper urinary tract and minor Staghorn calculi.},
  author={Michael A Grasso and Michael J. Conlin and Demetrius H. Bagley},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  year={1998},
  volume={160 2},
  pages={346-51}
}
PURPOSE Upper urinary tract calculi that are too large to treat with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy are most commonly cleared with percutaneous endoscopic techniques. In a select group of patients who were poor candidates for percutaneous nephrostolithotomy we used retrograde endoscopic lithotripsy, and define the safety and efficacy of this modality in treating large, noninfectious stone burdens (2 cm. or greater). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 51 patients with 66 large (2 cm. or… CONTINUE READING