Retrieval Failure Contributes to Gist-Based False Recognition.

Abstract

People often falsely recognize items that are similar to previously encountered items. This robust memory error is referred to as gist-based false recognition. A widely held view is that this error occurs because the details fade rapidly from our memory. Contrary to this view, an initial experiment revealed that, following the same encoding conditions that produce high rates of gist-based false recognition, participants overwhelmingly chose the correct target rather than its related foil when given the option to do so. A second experiment showed that this result is due to increased access to stored details provided by reinstatement of the originally encoded photograph, rather than to increased attention to the details. Collectively, these results suggest that details needed for accurate recognition are, to a large extent, still stored in memory and that a critical factor determining whether false recognition will occur is whether these details can be accessed during retrieval.

Statistics

01020302011201220132014201520162017
Citations per Year

58 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 58 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Guerin2012RetrievalFC, title={Retrieval Failure Contributes to Gist-Based False Recognition.}, author={Scott A. Guerin and Clifford A. Robbins and Adrian W. Gilmore and Daniel L. Schacter}, journal={Journal of memory and language}, year={2012}, volume={66 1}, pages={68-78} }