Retrieval-Based Learning

@article{Karpicke2012RetrievalBasedL,
  title={Retrieval-Based Learning},
  author={Jeffrey D. Karpicke},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={21},
  pages={157 - 163}
}
Retrieval is the key process for understanding learning and for promoting learning, yet retrieval is not often granted the central role it deserves. Learning is typically identified with the encoding or construction of knowledge, and retrieval is considered merely the assessment of learning that occurred in a prior experience. The retrieval-based learning perspective outlined here is grounded in the fact that all expressions of knowledge involve retrieval and depend on the retrieval cues… Expand
Retrieval-Based Learning: A Perspective for Enhancing Meaningful Learning
Learning is often identified with the acquisition, encoding, or construction of new knowledge, while retrieval is often considered only a means of assessing knowledge, not a process that contributesExpand
Retrieval Learning for Longer Retention and Application: Making It Work in the Classroom
Retrieval Learning Retrieval learning is well supported in education research as an essential element in meaningful learning. Retrieval is the process of recovering knowledge and information fromExpand
Retrieval-Based Learning : Research at the Interface between Cognitive Science and Education
This essay reviews research on retrieval-based learning, which refers to the general finding that practicing active retrieval enhances long-term,meaningful learning. The idea that retrieval promotesExpand
Retrieval‐Based Learning: Research at the Interface between Cognitive Science and Education
This essay reviews research on retrieval-based learning, which refers to the general finding that practicing active retrieval enhances long-term, meaningful learning. The idea that retrieval promotesExpand
Retrieval-Based Learning: An Episodic Context Account
TLDR
This chapter proposes an episodic context account of retrieval-based learning, which explains retrieval practice in terms of context reinstatement, context updating, and restriction of the search set. Expand
Learning with retrieval-based concept mapping.
Students typically create concept maps while they view the material they are trying to learn. In these circumstances, concept mapping serves as an elaborative study activity—students are not requiredExpand
Learning psychological research and statistical concepts using retrieval-based practice
Research methods and statistics are an indispensable subject in the undergraduate psychology curriculum, but there are challenges associated with teaching it, such as making learning durable. Here weExpand
A specific benefit of retrieval-based concept mapping to enhance learning from texts
TLDR
Results revealed that retrieval-based concept mapping before free recall by means of paragraph writing resulted in better learning on a 2-week delayed test than performing the same activities the other way round, contradict the general idea that it is retrieval itself, regardless of the activity it is embedded in, what promotes learning. Expand
Retrieval-Based Learning: A Decade of Progress
TLDR
This chapter reviews research that has manipulated initial retrieval practice activities in a wide variety of ways, extended the benefits of retrieval practice to final assessments that measure educationally meaningful learning outcomes, and generalized retrieval-based learning across learner populations, to different types of materials, and to authentic educational contexts. Expand
Retrieval Cues On Tests: A Strategy for Helping Students Overcome Retrieval Failure
ABSTRACT Students often struggle to recall information on tests, frequently claiming to experience a “retrieval failure” of learned information. Thus, the retrieval of information from memory may beExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 152 REFERENCES
Retrieval-Based Learning: A Perspective for Enhancing Meaningful Learning
Learning is often identified with the acquisition, encoding, or construction of new knowledge, while retrieval is often considered only a means of assessing knowledge, not a process that contributesExpand
The critical role of retrieval practice in long-term retention
TLDR
Research is reviewed that contradicts this traditional view by demonstrating that retrieval practice is actually a powerful mnemonic enhancer, often producing large gains in long-term retention relative to repeated studying. Expand
Metacognitive control and strategy selection: deciding to practice retrieval during learning.
TLDR
A compelling metacognitive illusion that occurs during self-regulated learning is identified: Once students can recall an item they tend to believe they have "learned" it, which leads students to terminate practice rather than practice retrieval, a strategy choice that ultimately results in poor retention. Expand
Chapter 7 – Retrieval Processes
Publisher Summary Processes of learning and memory are typically conceptualized as involving at least three stages: encoding, storage, and retrieval. Retrieval refers to accessing the storedExpand
When does Retrieval Induce Forgetting and When does it Induce Facilitation? Implications for Retrieval Inhibition, Testing Effect, and Text Processing
Retrieval practice can enhance long-term retention of the tested material (the testing effect), but it can also impair later recall of the nontested material – a phenomenon known as retrieval-inducedExpand
The Critical Importance of Retrieval for Learning
TLDR
The results demonstrate the critical role of retrieval practice in consolidating learning and show that even university students seem unaware of this fact. Expand
Metacognitive strategies in student learning: Do students practise retrieval when they study on their own?
TLDR
It is proposed that many students experience illusions of competence while studying and that these illusions have significant consequences for the strategies students select when they monitor and regulate their own learning. Expand
Guided Retrieval Practice of Educational Materials Using Automated Scoring
Retrieval practice is a powerful way to promote long-term retention and meaningful learning. However, students do not frequently practice retrieval on their own, and when they do, they haveExpand
Is expanding retrieval a superior method for learning text materials?
TLDR
Overall it was found that repeated testing enhanced retention more than did taking a single test, testing with feedback produced better retention than testing without feedback, but most importantly there were no differences between expanding and equally spaced schedules of retrieval practice. Expand
Distributing and Managing the Conditions of Encoding and Practice
Publisher Summary This chapter reviews the effects of encoding practice and retrieval practice. The effects of spaced practice provide important insights into the basic mechanisms of learning andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...