Retracing the etymology of terms in neuroanatomy

@article{Paluzzi2012RetracingTE,
  title={Retracing the etymology of terms in neuroanatomy},
  author={Alessandro Paluzzi and Juan C. Fernandez-Miranda and Matthew Torrenti and Paul A. Gardner},
  journal={Clinical Anatomy},
  year={2012},
  volume={25}
}
Researching the origin of the terms that we use to identify neuroanatomical structures is a helpful and fascinating exercise. It can provide neuroscientists with a better insight and understanding of the macroscopic anatomy of the cranium and its contents. It can also help the novice to this discipline to become acquainted with structures whose three dimensional anatomy is often difficult to appreciate. The purpose of this article was to investigate the etymology of some of the terms referring… 
An unwritten anatomy lesson: The influence of Roman clothing on neuroanatomical terminology: In memoriam Albert L. Rhoton, Jr. (1932–2016)
TLDR
Through their apparel, the Romans influenced the Terminologia Anatomica and “clothed” the structures of the brain and spinal cord, making them immortal.
The naming of the cranial nerves: A historical review
TLDR
This review expands on the excellent investigations of Flamm, Shaw, and Simon et al., with discussion of the historical identification as well as the process of naming the human cranial nerves.
Neuroscience and Greek mythology
  • I. Karakis
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 2019
TLDR
An analysis of ancient Greek texts and medical literature using the MeSH term mythology was performed to identify mythological references pertaining to neuroscience, which identified numerous observations in clinical neurology and basic neurosciences concealed in ancient myths.
The history of optic chiasm from antiquity to the twentieth century
TLDR
The history of the optic chiasm is a fascinating time travel displaying the conceptual transformations that have been made in anatomy and medicine by the authors' forerunners.
The emergence of modern muscle names: the contribution to the foundation of systematic terminology of Vesalius, Sylvius, and Bauhin
TLDR
The objective of this literary research paper was to ascertain the founder of modern muscle terminology, and it was shown that three early modern anatomists, Vesalius, Sylvius, and Bauhin, contributed to the development of modern Muscle terminology.
Toledo School of Translators and their influence on anatomical terminology.
Gods and monsters: Greek mythology and Christian references in the neurosurgical lexicon
TLDR
The etymology of commonly utilized terms in daily neurosurgical practice in the context of mythology and religion are explored to reveal the ingenuity and creativity of early pioneers who strived to understand the brain.
Optic Chiasm Morphometric Changes in Multiple Sclerosis: Feasibility of a Simplified Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measure of White Matter Atrophy
TLDR
The optic chiasm is significantly atrophied in an unstratified cohort of MS patients, and future studies may establish an MRI OC morphometric index to evaluate demyelinating disease in the brain.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Notes on the historical vocabulary of neuroanatomy
TLDR
The Hebrew word nno, moha, is employed to denote the brain, the fat and the marrow, and it is the same with the Arabic word muj, although in this language the brain is signified also by the word al-dimag.
Brain 'imaging' in the Renaissance.
TLDR
It is shown how revived interest in anatomy and life sciences may have influenced the figurative work of Italian and Flemish masters, such as Rafael, Michelangelo and David and three examples of Renaissance masterpieces where such symbolism may have been used.
Maternalizing the meninges: a pregnant Arabic legacy.
(rather flatly called the fetal membrane), the neural tube while Dura/arachnoid/pia maters that invest the central nervous axis busy forming the CNA crowns itself dorsally to form the neural (CNA)
The History of the Thalamus
Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Clark relates in his autobiography (1968) that reference to him as one who had “put in some good work on the thalamus,” once led to considerable amusement in an Oxford senior
Sella turcica
The sella turcica surface was determined according to the method of Haas (cf. p. 29) on 736 roentgenograms of cases with concussion of the brain or with fractures of the bones of the skull in the
Galen: On the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body
TLDR
One of Galen's most significant writings, the De Usu Partium—On the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body .
Costanzo Varolio (Constantius Varolius 1543-1575) and the Pons Varolli.
TLDR
This professor of anatomy and papal physician was the first to examine the brain from its base up, in contrast with previous dissections of this organ performed from the top down.
[Study of Japanese anatomical terms, such as 'sphenoid bone'].
TLDR
Japanese anatomical terms (butterfly-shaped bone) have an interesting history, and in Meiji Era both terms were used in Japanese textbooks.
The arachnoid and the myth of Arachne.
TLDR
The discovery of the arachnoid membrane is a relatively recent advance and has an interesting etymology that can be traced to the ancient Greek myth of Arachne.
Melatonin in Peripheral Nerve
TLDR
With improvement in extraction techniques, the presence of a lightening agent that is most likely melatonin in peripheral nerves of man, monkey and cow is identified.
...
...