Retinoid signaling required for normal heart development regulates GATA-4 in a pathway distinct from cardiomyocyte differentiation.


Vitamin A is essential for normal embryonic cardiogenesis. The vitamin A-deficient phenotype in the avian embryo includes an abnormal heart tube closed at the sinus venosus and the absence of large vessels that normally connect the embryonic heart to the developing circulatory system. In vitamin A-deficient embryos the expression of cardiomyocyte… (More)


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