Retinoic acid-induced CD38 antigen promotes leukemia cells attachment and interferon-gamma/interleukin-1beta-dependent apoptosis of endothelial cells: implications in the etiology of retinoic acid syndrome.


All-trans retinoic acid (RA) treatment of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) induces complete remission in more than 90% of the cases. Although RA therapy is well tolerated, about 25% of APL patients develop a potentially fatal condition called retinoic acid syndrome (RAS). Molecular mechanisms underlying the development of RAS pathogenesis… (More)


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