Rethinking the IQ-delinquency relationship: A longitudinal analysis of multiple theoretical models

@article{McGloin2004RethinkingTI,
  title={Rethinking the IQ-delinquency relationship: A longitudinal analysis of multiple theoretical models},
  author={Jean Marie McGloin and Travis C. Pratt and Jeffrey R Maahs},
  journal={Justice Quarterly},
  year={2004},
  volume={21},
  pages={603 - 635}
}
Criminological research has consistently demonstrated a relationship between IQ and delinquency, yet scholars continue to debate the precise mechanisms by which IQ should have an effect on delinquent behavior. Although researchers typically view the IQ-delinquency relationship as a function of “school performance,” additional explanations exist that have yet to be formally tested in conjunction with one another within the same analysis. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth… Expand
The Etiology of Intelligence on Juvenile Delinquency Using a Multivariate Analysis
By Tammy L. Nickell The empirical research consistently indicates an association between intelligence and delinquency. In addition to the empirical discoveries, scholars continue to deliberate theExpand
Academic Underachievement and Delinquent Behavior
Considerable research has addressed whether various academic factors affect involvement in delinquent behavior among youth. Yet few studies have assessed the association between academicExpand
EXPLAINING THE EDUCATIONAL DEFICITS OF DELINQUENT YOUTHS
Why do delinquent youths complete less education than do their conventional peers? Theory and research in criminology and in the sociology of education suggest that two aspects of youths' commitmentExpand
Verbal Ability and Persistent Offending: A Race-specific Test of Moffitt’s Theory
TLDR
The results support Moffitt’s hypothesis that verbal deficits distinguish adolescent-limited- and life-course-persistent-oriented groups within race, as well as the social control model of verbal ability. Expand
Dopaminergic Polymorphisms, Academic Achievement, and Violent Delinquency
TLDR
It is demonstrated that academic performance fully mediated the linkage between these genes and violent delinquency, and the results were aligned with the “social push hypothesis” in behavioral genetics. Expand
Genetic and Environmental Overlap between Low Self-Control and Delinquency
Low self-control has emerged as a consistent and strong predictor of antisocial and delinquent behaviors. Using the twin subsample of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (AddExpand
Cognitive abilities and antisocial behavior in prison: A longitudinal assessment using a large state-wide sample of prisoners
Abstract Cognitive abilities have been shown to have both direct and indirect effects on antisocial behavior in a wide variety of contexts, including inmate misconduct. Nevertheless, although theExpand
Success in School for Justice-Involved Girls: Do Specific Aspects of Developmental Immaturity Matter?
TLDR
Using data from 60 girls in residential juvenile justice facilities, multiple regression analyses indicated that verbal IQ moderated the relationship between the DI construct of decision making and academic achievement. Expand
Self-Control and Deviant Peer Network Structure
From learning and opportunity perspectives, peer group structural dimensions shed light on social processes that can amplify or ameliorate the risk of having delinquent friends. Previous research hasExpand
The Intergenerational Transmission of Low Self-control
There is a vast line of literature showing that antisocial behaviors and personality traits are transmitted across generational lines. Given the ascendancy of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theoryExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 142 REFERENCES
Explaining the relation between IQ and delinquency: class, race, test motivation, school failure, or self-control?
TLDR
The IQ-delinquency relation was robust after race, class, and observed test motivation were controlled statistically and the effect of IQ was mediated by school performance for Black youth but not for White youth. Expand
IQ and delinquency: A test of two competing explanations
In the past, sociologists either dismissed or ignored the well-established empirical relationship between IQ and juvenile delinquency. More recently, however, they have come to accept the IQ/JDExpand
Explaining the relation between IQ and delinquency: Class, race, test motivation, school failure, or self-control?
An inverse relation between IQ and delinquency has been well established, but the direction of effect remains to be specified. Differing explanatory accounts of the relation were empirically examinedExpand
Cognitive Ability and Delinquent Behavior among Inner-City Youth: A Life-Course Analysis of Main, Mediating, and Interaction Effects
  • J. McGloin, T. Pratt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • 2003
TLDR
The results of this study suggest that cognitive ability is an important criminogenic risk factor that has important implications for both correctional interventions and the continued development of structural and multilevel theories of crime. Expand
A Structuralist Critique of the IQ-Delinquency Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence
TLDR
The conclusion is that the IQ-delinquency hypothesis contributes nothing to existing delinquency theory. Expand
Socioeconomic status, IQ, and delinquency.
TLDR
Results from two Danish prospective longitudinal studies are presented that support the view that low IQ children may be likely to engage in delinquent behavior because their poor verbal abilities limit their opportunities to obtain rewards in the school environment. Expand
PARENTAL EFFICACY AND DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR: DO CONTROL AND SUPPORT MATTER?
Recently, the concept of “collective efficacy” has been advanced to understand how communities exert control and provide support to reduce crime. In a similar way, we use the concept of “parentalExpand
PARENTING, SELF‐CONTROL, AND DELINQUENCY: A TEST OF SELF‐CONTROL THEORY*
Self-control theory has received extensive empirical attention in the past decade, but most studies have not tested its arguments about the effects of parenting on self-control and delinquency. UsingExpand
Intelligence and delinquency: a revisionist review.
LOW SELF-CONTROL AND OPPORTUNITY: TESTING THE GENERAL THEORY OF CRIME AS AN EXPLANATION FOR GENDER DIFFERENCES IN DELINQUENCY*
This research tests Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime as an explanation for gender differences in the delinquency of approximately 2,000 Canadian secondary school students. SeparateExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...