Rethinking standards of permanence for terrestrial and coastal carbon: implications for governance and sustainability

  title={Rethinking standards of permanence for terrestrial and coastal carbon: implications for governance and sustainability},
  author={Tatyana Ruseva and Jim Hedrick and Gregg Marland and Henning Tovar and Carina Sabou and Elia Besombes},
  journal={Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability},

Carbon Removal Using Coastal Blue Carbon Ecosystems Is Uncertain and Unreliable, With Questionable Climatic Cost-Effectiveness

Mangrove forests, seagrass meadows and tidal saltmarshes are vegetated coastal ecosystems that accumulate and store large quantities of carbon in their sediments. Many recent studies and reviews have

Who Is Paying for Carbon Dioxide Removal? Designing Policy Instruments for Mobilizing Negative Emissions Technologies

Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) poses a significant and complex public policy challenge in the long-term. Presently treated as a marginal aspect of climate policy, addressing CDR as a public good is

Crediting temporary forest carbon: Retrospective and empirical perspectives on accounting options

The costs and technical expertise associated with forest carbon offset projects can be significant, while decades-long time commitments can discourage participation from the outset. Considering these

Snapshot of the Carbon Dioxide Removal certification and standards ecosystem (2021–2022)

ABSTRACT Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) will be necessary to fulfil the hundreds of pledges to reach net-zero by 2050. As with any industry, standard methodologies and certification are crucial to

Saving the Forest from the Trees: Expert Views on Funding Restoration of Northern Arizona Ponderosa Pine Forests through Registered Carbon Offsets

Ponderosa pine forests in the southwestern United States of America are overly dense, increasing the risk of high-intensity stand-replacing wildfires that result in the loss of terrestrial carbon and

Shall the American Association of Geographers Endorse Carbon Offsets? Absolutely Not!

  • K. Mcafee
  • Economics
    The Professional Geographer
  • 2021
Offsetting is widely embraced as a market-based solution to global warming. Governments, universities, and businesses of all sorts have pledged to achieve “net zero” greenhouse gas emissions partly

Testing the climate intervention potential of ocean afforestation using the Great Atlantic Sargassum Belt

Analysis of the CDR potential of recent re-occurring trans-basin belts of the floating seaweed Sargassum in the (sub)tropical North Atlantic as a natural analogue for ocean afforestation shows that two biogeochemical feedbacks, nutrient reallocation and calcification by encrusting marine life, reduce theCDR efficacy of SargASSum.

The Good Is Never Perfect: Why the Current Flaws of Voluntary Carbon Markets Are Services, Not Barriers to Successful Climate Change Action

The world's current level of climate change action does not match its ambitions to tackle the issue, and its ambitions do not currently meet the levels of action science recommends. Voluntary carbon



Blue carbon in coastal landscapes: a spatial framework for assessment of stocks and additionality

Efforts to incorporate blue carbon, the carbon associated with marine ecosystems, into carbon accounting and carbon markets are increasing. To fully leverage the capacity of marine ecosystems to

The role of soil carbon in natural climate solutions

Mitigating climate change requires clean energy and the removal of atmospheric carbon. Building soil carbon is an appealing way to increase carbon sinks and reduce emissions owing to the associated

Challenges in developing effective policy for soil carbon sequestration: perspectives on additionality, leakage, and permanence

If carbon sequestration is to be a cost-effective substitute for reducing emissions then it must occur under a framework that ensures that the sequestration is additional to what would otherwise have

Why Talk about Carbon Removal?

Talk of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere is spilling out of scientific circles and into the realm of climate politics and policy. Civil society has a vital role to play in ensuring that

Beyond hectares: four principles to guide reforestation in the context of tropical forest and landscape restoration

New climate change agreements emerging from the 21st Conference of the Parties and ambitious international commitments to implement forest and landscape restoration (FLR) are generating unprecedented

Governance of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS): accounting, rewarding, and the Paris agreement

ABSTRACT Studies show that the ‘well below 2°C’ target from the Paris Agreement will be hard to meet without large negative emissions from mid-century onwards, which means removing CO2 from the