Rethinking Empire from a Chinese Concept ‘All-under-Heaven’ (Tian-xia, )

  title={Rethinking Empire from a Chinese Concept ‘All-under-Heaven’ (Tian-xia, )},
  author={Tingyang Zhao},
  journal={Social Identities},
  pages={29 - 41}
In this paper the author argues that the Chinese theory of All-under-Heaven is the best philosophy for world governance. All-under-Heaven is a deep world concept with a trinity of meanings: the earth, people's hearts and a world institution. And it introduces a political principle, ‘world-ness’, that arguably transcends the principle of ‘internationality’. The author argues that the theory of All-under-Heaven is a more appropriate ‘world theory’ than ‘international theory’ in dealing with world… Expand
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A Global Ethic: The Declaration of the Parliament of the World's Religions
"Presents the text of the 'Declaration' and a commentary on its evolution and significance.... The message of this book is very timely." -The Leading Edge>
Liang Shuming thought that ancient China had been developing itself as a 'world' rather than a 'country'. See Collections of Liang Shuming
  • 1992
Shang - yang ( c . 300 BC ) . The Book of Shang - yang . Shima Qian ( 91 BC ) . The history
  • The early history of Qian Dynasty
  • 1984
Friends, guests and colleagues
  • 1968
Confucius (c. 500BC)
  • Early Greek philosophy
  • 1930
Early Greek Philosophy
Confucius had claimed his famous theory of justification as 'p is p if p does as p is meant to do', for instance, a king should do as the concept of king requires