Retention of hindlimb stepping ability in adult spinal cats after the cessation of step training.

  title={Retention of hindlimb stepping ability in adult spinal cats after the cessation of step training.},
  author={Ray D de Leon and John A Hodgson and Roland R. Roy and V. Reggie Edgerton},
  journal={Journal of neurophysiology},
  volume={81 1},
Adult spinal cats were trained to perform bipedal hindlimb locomotion on a treadmill for 6-12 wk. After each animal acquired the ability to step, locomotor training was withheld, and stepping was reexamined 6 and 12 wk after training ended. The performance characteristics, hindlimb muscle electromyographic activity patterns, and kinematic characteristics of the step cycle that were acquired with training were largely maintained when training was withheld for 6 wk. However, after 12 wk without… 

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Hindlimb locomotor and postural training modulates glycinergic inhibition in the spinal cord of the adult spinal cat.

Evidence is provided that 1) the neural circuits that generate full-weight-bearing hindlimb stepping are present in the spinal cord of chronic spinal cats that can and cannot step; however, the ability of these circuits to interpret sensory input to drive stepping is mediated at least in part by glycinergic inhibition; and 2) these spinal circuits adapt to the specific motor task imposed, and that these adaptations may include modifications in the Glycinergic pathways that provide inhibition.

Treadmill training enhances the recovery of normal stepping patterns in spinal cord contused rats

Locomotor ability in spinal rats is dependent on the amount of activity imposed on the hindlimbs during treadmill training.

The findings indicate that the ability of the lumbar spinal cord to adjust to load- and speed-related sensory stimuli associated with stepping is dependent on the number of repetitions of the same activity that is imposed on the spinal circuits during treadmill training.

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Treadmill step training promotes spinal cord neural plasticity after incomplete spinal cord injury

T treadmill training significantly improves functional re-covery and neural plasticity after incomplete spinal cord injury in rats with moderate spinal cord contusion.

Reduced functional recovery by delaying motor training after spinal cord injury.

It is concluded that training of a skilled motor task that relies on descending control is more beneficial when initiated immediately after a partial spinal cord injury.

Spinal Cats on the Treadmill: Changes in Load Pathways

Overall, training appears to decrease monosynaptic excitation and enhance the effects of clonidine in the reduction of disynaptic inhibition and reversal to polysynapticexcitation.

Changes in corticospinal efficacy contribute to the locomotor plasticity observed after unilateral cutaneous denervation of the hindpaw in the cat.

It is suggested that the denervation produces changes in both cortical and spinal excitability that, together, produce a change in corticospinal efficacy that contributes to the recovery of locomotor function.



Locomotor capacity attributable to step training versus spontaneous recovery after spinalization in adult cats.

The capacity of the adult lumbar spinal cord to generate full weight-bearing stepping over a range of speeds is defined, in large part, by the functional experience of the spinal cord after supraspinal connectivity has been eliminated.

Recovery of locomotion after chronic spinalization in the adult cat

Weight-bearing hindlimb stepping in treadmill-exercised adult spinal cats

Can the mammalian lumbar spinal cord learn a motor task?

The results indicate that the spinal cord is capable of learning specific motor tasks and has not been possible to elicit locomotion in patients with clinically complete spinal injuries, but appropriately coordinated EMG activity has been demonstrated in musculature of the legs during assisted locomotion on a treadmill.

Effects of training on the recovery of full-weight-bearing stepping in the adult spinal cat

A comparison of treadmill locomotion in adult cats before and after spinal transection.

The present results reveal that despite the few differences, the spinal cord and the hindlimbs afferents are capable of generating very good locomotor patterns with almost normal kinematics and EMG characteristics.

Training effects on soleus of cats spinal cord transected (T12–13) as adults

Adult spinal cord transected (T12–13) cats were trained for 30 min/day, 5 days/week to either step on a treadmill (Stp‐T) or stand (Std‐T) for ∼5 months. Training ameliorated soleus atrophy and

Retention of a classically conditioned reflex response in spinal cat.

  • R. Durkovic
  • Psychology, Biology
    Behavioral and neural biology
  • 1985