Retaliation, Fear, or Rage An Investigation of African American and White Reactions to Racist Hate Crimes

@inproceedings{Craig1999RetaliationFO,
  title={Retaliation, Fear, or Rage An Investigation of African American and White Reactions to Racist Hate Crimes},
  author={Kellina M. Craig},
  year={1999}
}
An experimental study was conducted in an effort to establish whether hate crimes produce greater harm than similarly egregious crimes. Hate crimes are considered to be worse primarily because they are believed to be more likely to provoke retaliatory crimes and inflict distinct emotional distress on victims and members of the victim's social group or category. In this study, analogous samples of African American and White males observed two videotaped assaults motivated by racial bias in one… CONTINUE READING

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