Results of treatment using the Hoffmann external fixator for fractures of the tibial diaphysis.

@article{Kimmel1982ResultsOT,
  title={Results of treatment using the Hoffmann external fixator for fractures of the tibial diaphysis.},
  author={R B Kimmel},
  journal={The Journal of trauma},
  year={1982},
  volume={22 11},
  pages={
          960-5
        }
}
External fixation via the Hoffmann apparatus was employed as primary treatment in 19 patients and as secondary treatment in eight patients. These were severe fractures: almost all were open, comminution was present in 66%, 50% were classified as Grade III, and 50% had other orthopedic injuries. The majority of patients had delayed unions. Overall, three nonunions (13%) resulted, yet the malunion rate was 39%. Forty-five per cent of patients required a bone graft for eventual union. Fifty per… CONTINUE READING