Results of the sixth joint pesticide testing programme of the IOBC/WPRS-working group «pesticides and beneficial organisms»

@article{Hassan2006ResultsOT,
  title={Results of the sixth joint pesticide testing programme of the IOBC/WPRS-working group «pesticides and beneficial organisms»},
  author={Sherif Ali Hassan and Franz Bigler and Hermann Bogensch{\"u}tz and Ernst F. Boller and Jacques Brun and Johan N. M. Calis and J Coremans-pelseneer and Carlo Duso and A. Grove and Udo Heimbach and Neil L. Helyer and Heikki M T Hokkanen and Gavin Lewis and F. Mansour and Lotte Moreth and László Polgár and L. Sams{\o}e-petersen and Benoǐt Sauphanor and Anna St{\"a}ubli and Guido Sterk and Aana Vainio and Marcus Van de Veire and Gennaro Viggiani and Heidrun Vogt},
  journal={Entomophaga},
  year={2006},
  volume={39},
  pages={107-119}
}
The side effects of 5 insecticides, 8 fungicides and 6 herbicides on 24 species of beneficial organisms were tested by members of the Working Group «Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms» of the International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC), West Palaearctic Regional Section (WPRS). The tests were conducted by 24 members in 11 countries according to internationally approved guidelines.The insecticide buprofezin (Applaud), the fungicides triforine (Saprol), procymidone (Sumisclex… 
Pesticides selectivity list to beneficial arthropods in four field vegetable crops.
TLDR
Fungicides and herbicides tested are compatible with IPM programs and some treatments can be used carefully according to the selectivity, but for soil insecticide treatments, their toxicity raise the question of their use in IPM programs in vegetables and the need of new compounds or development of alternative pest control programs.
Effects of Greenhouse Pesticides on the Soil-Dwelling Predatory Mite Stratiolaelaps scimitus (Acari: Mesostigmata: Laelapidae) Under Laboratory Conditions
TLDR
Assays show that pyriproxyfen, fosetyl-Al, and mefenoxam are likely to be compatible with S. scimitus under field conditions, because these pesticides caused little mortality of protonymphs, and they did not negatively affect the development and reproduction of S.Scim Titus under extreme laboratory conditions.
Residual Effect of Pesticides used in Integrated Apple Production on Chrysoperlaexterna (Hagen) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) Larvae
TLDR
Evaluating the effects of the abamectin, carbaryl, fenitrothion, methidathion, sulfur, and trichlorfon pesticides on the survival and stage length of larvae and pupae, adult oviposition from treated larvae, and hatched eggs of two Chrysoperla externa populations found them to be harmful.
Laboratory test method to evaluate the effect of 31 pesticides on the predatory bug,Orius laevigatus (Het: Anthocoridae)
TLDR
A laboratory test method was developed to evaluate the pesticide toxicity on the predatory bug O. laevigatus and found that the ecdysone agonist tebufenozide and azadirachtin were not harmful for nymphal development and oviposition.
Toxicity of pesticides used in the integrated production of apple on Trichogramma pretiosum Riley, 1879 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) under laboratory conditions.
TLDR
The residual effect of pesticides recommended by the Integrated Production of Apple (IPA) was evaluated under laboratory conditions, through direct application of pesticides on eggs of Anagasta kuehniella containing the immature stages egg-larva, pre-pupa and pupa of Trichogramma pretiosum Riley, 1879.
Pesticide selectivity for the insect egg parasitoid Telenomus remus
TLDR
Of the herbicides examined, only glyphosate + imazethapyr and 2,4-D amine were classified as harmless on the first and second days of parasitism; paraquat was the most harmful.
Effect of reduced risk pesticides on greenhouse vegetable arthropod biological control agents.
TLDR
The compatibility of some formulated reduced risk insecticides and fungicides used in Canadian greenhouses with Orius insidiosus, Amblyseius swirskii and Eretmocerus eremicus was determined through laboratory and greenhouse bioassays.
Lethal and sublethal effects of pesticides on Chrysoperla carnea larvae (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and the influence of rainfastness in their degradation pattern over time
TLDR
Every pesticide can be recommended for inclusion in corn IPM programs where the predator is present except chlorpyrifos that exhibited high direct toxicity in the lab and prolonged residual action even in the presence of rainfall.
SIDE EFFECTS OF TWO PLANT INSECTICIDES ON NATURAL ENEMIES OF INSECTS IN ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA L.) SEED PRODUCTION
TLDR
It was found that the biological insecticides NeemAzal and Pyrethrum were nontoxic with respect to Coccinella septempunctata adults, and in almost 70% of cases were harmless to Aeolothrips intermedius.
Evaluation of Low Toxic and Residual Toxicity of Pesticides Registrated on Sweet Pepper Greenhouse to Orius strigicollis
For the development of integrated pest management system by harmonizing biological and chemical control, some experiments were carried out to select low toxic pesticides and to evaluate residual
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TLDR
The side effect of 20 commercial pesticides on 6 different beneficial arthropods was tested by members of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Arthropods” in 3 countries and it is hoped that the results would help other WPRS working groups and plant protection advisers in the development of rational control programmes.
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TLDR
A combination of laboratory, semi-field and field tests is needed to show the side-effects of pesticides on beneficial organisms and that the beneficials chosen for the test should be relevant to the crop on which the pesticide is to be used.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
To both groups of spiders (the hunting and web-building), most acaricides were highly toxic, whereas herbicides and fungicides were nontoxic.
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TLDR
A laboratory pesticide screening method is described for the aphid predatory midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza that has potential for use with many other pests and beneficial organisms required to be caged for several days on detached leaf material.
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TLDR
This guideline includes a sequential testing scheme involving three laboratory tests, which may serve to classify many pesticides as definitely harmless or harmful without having recourse to field tests.
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