Results of management of facial palsy with microvascular free-muscle transfer.

@article{OBrien1990ResultsOM,
  title={Results of management of facial palsy with microvascular free-muscle transfer.},
  author={Barbara O'Brien and William C. Pederson and Rakesh kumar Khazanchi and Wayne A. Morrison and A M Macleod and Vijay Kumar},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={1990},
  volume={86 1},
  pages={12-22; discussion 23-4}
}
This paper reports our experience in facial reanimation using free innervated muscle transfer in 69 patients with long-term facial palsy. The majority of patients were treated in two stages with cross-facial nerve graft as the first stage and microvascular muscle transfer at the second stage. The gracilis muscle was used in 62 patients. A system of grading results has been utilized in the long-term evaluation. The overall final result was excellent or good in 51 percent of 47 patients who were… CONTINUE READING

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