Results after Norwood procedure and subsequent cavopulmonary anastomoses for typical hypoplastic left heart syndrome and similar complex cardiovascular malformations.


OBJECTIVE From October 1989 to June 1998, 60 patients have undergone the Norwood procedure (stage I) at our institution. The results of the staged surgical reconstruction and risk factors were analysed. Typical hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and complex lesions with aortic hypoplasia were compared with each other. PATIENTS Typical HLHS: N = 48… (More)