Restricted involutions and Motzkin paths

  title={Restricted involutions and Motzkin paths},
  author={Marilena Barnabei and Flavio Bonetti and Matteo Silimbani},
We show how a bijection due to Biane between involutions and labelled Motzkin paths yields bijections between Motzkin paths and two families of restricted involutions that are counted by Motzkin numbers, namely, involutions avoiding 4321 and 3412. As a consequence, we derive characterizations of Motzkin paths corresponding to involutions avoiding either 4321 or 3412 together with any pattern of length 3. Furthermore, we exploit the described bijection to study some notable subsets of the set of… CONTINUE READING

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