Restoring the self: Positive affect helps improve self-regulation following ego depletion

  title={Restoring the self: Positive affect helps improve self-regulation following ego depletion},
  author={Dianne M. Tice and Roy F. Baumeister and Dikla Shmueli and Mark Muraven},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Social Psychology},

Self-affirmation and self-control: affirming core values counteracts ego depletion.

The present investigation revealed that a psychological intervention-self-affirmation-facilitates self-control when the resource has been depleted and holds promise as a mental strategy that reduces the likelihood of self- control failure.

Ego-depletion 1 Ego-depletion: Theory and Evidence

Self-control all too often fails. Despite people‟s best intentions and considerable negative outcomes, people often find themselves at the losing end of resisting temptation, combating urges, and

A depleted mind feels inefficacious: Ego-depletion reduces self-efficacy to exert further self-control

Recent research has found that ego-depletion undermines self-control by motivating cognition that justifies conservation of mental resource. One potential cognitive mechanism is reduction of

Personality and Social Psychology Action orientation overcomes the ego depletion effect

It has been consistently demonstrated that initial exertion of self-control had negative influence on people’s performance on subsequent self-control tasks. This phenomenon is referred to as the ego

Ego Depletion Is Not Just Fatigue

Is the self-regulation failure that comes from prior exertions of self-regulation—the ego-depletion effect—the result of fatigue? A reading of the literature suggests that self-regulatory resource

You deplete me: Impacts of providing positive and negative event support on self‐control

We examined how providing social support may reduce self-control. Participants who reported greater effectiveness concerns and emotion regulation while providing daily support showed greater



Self-Regulatory Failure: A Resource-Depletion Approach

Three studies were conducted to test the behavioral consequences of effortful self-regulation. Individuals with chronic inhibitions about eating were exposed to situations varying in level of

Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?

The results suggest that the self's capacity for active volition is limited and that a range of seemingly different, unrelated acts share a common resource.

Self-control as limited resource: regulatory depletion patterns.

A strength model of self-regulation fits the data better than activation, priming, skill, or constant capacity models ofSelf-regulation.

Ego depletion and aggressive behavior: Is the inhibition of aggression a limited resource?

If self-regulation is a limited resource, the capacity to inhibit aggressive behavior should be lower among people who have already exercised self-regulation. In Experiment 1, participants who had to

Social exclusion impairs self-regulation.

Rejected people are capable of self-regulation but are normally disinclined to make the effort, and decrements in self- regulation can be eliminated by offering a cash incentive or increasing self-awareness.

Spent Resources: Self‐Regulatory Resource Availability Affects Impulse Buying

This research investigated impulse buying as resulting from the depletion of a common-but limited-resource that governs self-control. In three investigations, participants' self-regulatory resources

Self-control and alcohol restraint: an initial application of the self-control strength model.

Alcohol intake may be a function of temptation to drink and self-control strength and individuals who suppressed their thoughts consumed more and achieved a higher blood alcohol content than those who did arithmetic.

The Undoing Effect of Positive Emotions

Positive emotions are hypothesized to undo the cardiovascular aftereffects of negative emotions, and contentment-eliciting and amusing films produced faster cardiovascular recovery than neutral or sad films did.

Positive Emotions Trigger Upward Spirals Toward Emotional Well-Being

Findings provide prospective evidence to support the prediction that positive emotions initiate upward spirals toward enhanced emotional well-being.

Daily fluctuations in self-control demands and alcohol intake.

It appears that exerting self-control in nondrinking areas undermines individuals' capacity to exert self- control of drinking in daily life.