Restoring fire as an ecological process in shortgrass prairie ecosystems: initial effects of prescribed burning during the dormant and growing seasons.

  title={Restoring fire as an ecological process in shortgrass prairie ecosystems: initial effects of prescribed burning during the dormant and growing seasons.},
  author={Dale G. Brockway and Richard G. Gatewood and Randi B Paris},
  journal={Journal of environmental management},
  volume={65 2},
Prior to Anglo-European settlement, fire was a major ecological process influencing the structure, composition and productivity of shortgrass prairie ecosystems on the Great Plains. However during the past 125 years, the frequency and extent of grassland fire has dramatically declined as a result of the systematic heavy grazing by large herds of domestic cattle and sheep which reduced the available levels of fine fuel and organized fire suppression efforts that succeeded in altering the natural… 

Tables from this paper

Response of the shortgrass steppe plant community to fire.

Vegetation Responses to Prescribed Burning of Grazed Shortgrass Steppe

Findings suggest that, except following severe drought, prescribed burns conducted during late winter in grazed shortgrass steppe for objectives unrelated to livestock production can also have neutral or positive consequences for livestock.

Relative importance of burning, mowing and species translocation in the restoration of a former boreal hayfield: responses of plant diversity and the microbial community

The results demonstrate the importance of reducing sward height in order to promote plant species coexistence in former boreal hayfields and show that mowing-mediated changes in above-ground plant communities may stimulate below-ground symbiotic micro-organisms, potentially resulting in a positive feedback on ecosystem development.

Fire and Grazing Change Herbaceous Species Composition and Reduce Beta Diversity in the Kalahari Sand System

After rainfall and soils, fire and herbivory are two of the main determinants of savanna ecosystems. Although the interactive effects of fire and herbivores on soil and vegetation are widely

Limited Effects of Long-Term Repeated Season and Interval of Prescribed Burning on Understory Vegetation Compositional Trajectories and Indicator Species in Ponderosa Pine Forests of Northeastern Oregon, USA

Fire exclusion has dramatically altered historically fire adapted forests across western North America. In response, forest managers reduce forest fuels with mechanical thinning and/or prescribed

Steppe plant response to seasonal fire

Fire is a natural grassland disturbance that affects a variety of ecosystem factors including nutrient cycling, species diversity, and population and community dynamics. Caution is warranted when

The effects of fire and grazing in the northern mixed-grass prairie : implications from the Pautre wildfire

Current federal recommendations pertaining to the management of post-fire grazing on rangelands interrupts historic disturbance regimes of the North American prairies by indicating that fire and

Fire and competition in a southern California grassland: impacts on the rare forb Erodium macrophyllum

It is illustrated that fire can alter the competitive environment in grasslands with differential effects on rare forbs, and that exotic grasses strongly interfere with E. macrophyllum to a greater extent than native grasses, and land managers can use spring burns to cause a flush of native grass recruitment and to create an environment that is ultimately less competitive compared with non-burned areas dominated by exotic forbs.



Ecology of fire in shortgrass prairie of the southern Great Plains

The ecology of fire in shortgrass prairie of the southern Great Plains includes a complex interaction between the shortgrass prairie ecosystem and its inhabitants, all inextricably linked to land-use

Managing southern grazing ecosystems with fire.

The use of fire to manage the movement of animals undoubtedly predates their domestication. Stewart (1965) has traced the recorded use of fire as a range management tool back to 500 BC in Africa.

Long- and short-term effects of fire on nitrogen cycling in tallgrass prairie

Fires in the tallgrass prairie are frequent and significantly alter nutrient cycling processes. We evaluated the short-term changes in plant production and microbial activity due to fire and the

Effects of bison grazing, fire, and topography on floristic diversity in tallgrass prairie.

Increases in plant diversity components associated with bison grazing were generally greater in annually burned sites than in 4-year burned sites, and species/area relationships indicated greater effects of bison on plant species richness with increasing sample area.

Fire and the Environment: Ecological and Cultural Perspectives

The purpose of this review is to synthesize a long-term body of research dealing with tire exclusion effects on tallgrass prairie and gallery forest communities on Konza Prairie in eastern Kansas.

Landscape-level interactions between topoedaphic features and nitrogen limitation in tallgrass prairie

Transects across watersheds with varying fire histories and remotely-sensed data were used to study vegetation-resource interactions in a tallgrass prairie in Kansas. Paired plots (fertilized,

Plant nutrient changes in a semi-arid Mediterranean shrubland after fire

Variation in nutrient content during post-fire regeneration was studied in six species which differ widely in their successional status, including Juniperus oxycedrus, Genista spartioides, Rosmarinus officinalis, and Cistus clusii, which showed a high consumption of nutrients immediately after the fire.

Ecology of Fire in Grasslands