Restoration of the donor face after facial allotransplantation: digital manufacturing techniques.


INTRODUCTION Current protocols for facial transplantation include the mandatory fabrication of an alloplastic "mask" to restore the congruency of the donor site in the setting of "open casket" burial. However, there is currently a paucity of literature describing the current state-of-the-art and available options. METHODS During this study, we identified that most of donor masks are fabricated using conventional methods of impression, molds, silicone, and/or acrylic application by an experienced anaplastologist or maxillofacial prosthetics technician. However, with the recent introduction of several enhanced computer-assisted technologies, our facial transplant team hypothesized that there were areas for improvement with respect to cost and preparation time. RESULTS The use of digital imaging for virtual surgical manipulation, computer-assisted planning, and prefabricated surgical cutting guides-in the setting of facial transplantation-provided us a novel opportunity for digital design and fabrication of a donor mask. The results shown here demonstrate an acceptable appearance for "open-casket" burial while maintaining donor identity after facial organ recovery. CONCLUSIONS Several newer techniques for fabrication of facial transplant donor masks exist currently and are described within the article. These encompass digital impression, digital design, and additive manufacturing technology.

DOI: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000000189

Cite this paper

@article{Grant2014RestorationOT, title={Restoration of the donor face after facial allotransplantation: digital manufacturing techniques.}, author={Gerald T. Grant and Peter Liacouras and Gabriel Santiago and Juan R. Garc{\'i}a and Mohammed Al Rakan and Ryan J. Murphy and Mehran Armand and Chad R. Gordon}, journal={Annals of plastic surgery}, year={2014}, volume={72 6}, pages={720-4} }