Restenosis in Hemodialytic Fistulas and Chronic Kidney Disease-Associated Vascular Disease: Two Pathologies Driven by Metakaryotic Stem Cells.

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) exacerbating vascular disease poses a major challenge to nephrology. Surgically placed vascular fistulas, as an aid to hemodialysis prior to kidney transplant, have extended many lives, while post-surgical restenosis closure of the fistula by smooth muscle cells affects many lives. When post-surgical restenosis is developed… (More)
DOI: 10.1159/000468954

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