Responses of reef building corals to microplastic exposure.

  title={Responses of reef building corals to microplastic exposure.},
  author={Jessica Reichert and Johannes Schellenberg and Patrick Schubert and Thomas Wilke},
  journal={Environmental pollution},

Scleractinian corals incorporate microplastic particles: identification from a laboratory study

The skeletal material produced during the experiment, however, incorporated plastic particles and plastic fibres in the aragonitic structure, which contributes to the understanding of effects of microplastic pollution on skeletal precipitation of hermatypic corals.

Reef-Building Corals Do Not Develop Adaptive Mechanisms to Better Cope With Microplastics

Microplastics are omnipresent in the oceans and threaten marine animals through physical contact or ingestion. Short-term studies have already shown that reef-building stony corals respond

Microplastics: impacts on corals and other reef organisms

  • O. Pantos
  • Environmental Science
    Emerging topics in life sciences
  • 2022
Plastic pollution in a growing problem globally. In addition to the continuous flow of plastic particles to the environment from direct sources, and through the natural wear and tear of items, the

Microplastics in the coral reefs and their potential impacts on corals: A mini-review.

Multiple impacts of microplastics can threaten marine habitat-forming species

These multiple effects suggest that microplastics at the concentrations present in some marine areas and predicted for most oceans in the coming decades, can ultimately cause coral death, which is generalizable to other habitat-forming suspension and filter feeders given the burgeoning levels of microplastic contamination across the world’s oceans.

Microplastics alter feeding strategies of a coral reef organism

Increasing marine microplastic pollution has detrimentally impacted organismal physiology and ecosystem functioning. While previous studies document negative effects of microplastics on coral reef

Reef‐building corals act as long‐term sink for microplastic

This study shows for the first time that microplastic particles accumulate permanently in a biological sink, helping to explain the "missing plastic" phenomenon.

Species-specific impact of microplastics on coral physiology.




Oyster reproduction is affected by exposure to polystyrene microplastics

Evidence is provided that micro-PS cause feeding modifications and reproductive disruption in oysters, with significant impacts on offspring, providing ground-breaking data on microplastic impacts in an invertebrate model, helping to predict ecological impact in marine ecosystems.

Microplastic ingestion by scleractinian corals

Ingested microplastics were found wrapped in mesenterial tissue within the coral gut cavity, suggesting that ingestion of high concentrations of microplastic debris could potentially impair the health of corals.

Microplastics in the Marine Environment: Distribution, Interactions and Effects

There is evidence to suggest that microplastic enter food chains and there is trophic transfer between predators and prey, and further research on a variety of marine organisms is required to understand the environmental implications of microplastics in more detail and to establish effects in natural populations.

Interactions between microorganisms and marine microplastics: A call for research

Synthetic thermoplastics constitute the majority by percentage of anthropogenic debris entering the Earth's oceans. Microplastics (=5-mm fragments) are rapidly emerging pollutants in marine

Enhanced particle-feeding capacity of corals on turbid reefs (Great Barrier Reef, Australia)

Abstract Reef corals occur across a wide range of habitats, from offshore clear waters to nearshore sediment-laden environments. This study tests the hypothesis that corals from turbid nearshore

Responses of coral reefs and reef organisms to sedimentation

Data is needed on the threshold levels for reef orgarusms and for the reef ecosystem as a whole the levels above which sedimentation has lethal effects for particular species and above which normal functioning of the reef ceases.

Impacts of Sediments on Coral Energetics: Partitioning the Effects of Turbidity and Settling Particles

The physiological response to sediment stress differed between species with G. fascicularis experiencing a greater decline in the net photosynthetic yield than G. somaliensis, but a smaller increase in the respiration rates, and key physiological processes that drive species distribution along high to low turbidity and depositional gradients were highlighted.