Responses of insect pests, pathogens, and invasive plant species to climate change in the forests of northeastern North America: What can we predict?1

Abstract

Climate models project that by 2100, the northeastern US and eastern Canada will warm by approximately 3– 5 8C, with increased winter precipitation. These changes will affect trees directly and also indirectly through effects on ‘‘nuisance’’ species, such as insect pests, pathogens, and invasive plants. We review how basic ecological principles can be used… (More)

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@inproceedings{Dukes2009ResponsesOI, title={Responses of insect pests, pathogens, and invasive plant species to climate change in the forests of northeastern North America: What can we predict?1}, author={Jeffrey S Dukes and Jennifer Pontius and David A Orwig and Jeffrey R. Garnas and Vikki L. Rodgers and Nicholas Justin Brazee and Barry J. Cooke and Kathleen A. Theoharides and Erik E. Stange and Robin Harrington and Joan G. Ehrenfeld and Jessica Gurevitch and Manuel T. Lerdau and Kristina A. Stinson and Robert L. Wick and Matthew P. Ayres}, year={2009} }