Responses of floaters to removal experiments on wintering chickadees


In response to natural mortality in a local population of wintering black-capped chickadees, Parus atricapillus, high-ranked flock regulars are usually replaced rapidly by flock switchers, while low-ranked regulars are not replaced. A series of removal experiments was done to examine the replacement process. A large outdoor aviary was used to house the… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00300682


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