Responses of crown architecture in Betula pendula to competition are dependent on the species of neighbouring trees

  title={Responses of crown architecture in Betula pendula to competition are dependent on the species of neighbouring trees},
  author={Anna Lintunen and Pekka Kaitaniemi},
We measured the growth responses of individual shoots and branches of Betula pendula when growing next to trees of the same species or Pinus sylvestris, Larix sibirica or Alnus glutinosa. We used the three-dimensionally digitized response variables and the size and distance of trees growing within a 5-m radius of the study trees to establish a relationship between tree performance and the effect of competing neighbouring tree species on crown architecture. B. pendula was able to modify its… CONTINUE READING
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