Responses of Emperor Penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) to encounters with ecotourists while commuting to and from their breeding colony

@article{Burger2007ResponsesOE,
  title={Responses of Emperor Penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) to encounters with ecotourists while commuting to and from their breeding colony},
  author={Joanna Burger and Michael Gochfeld},
  journal={Polar Biology},
  year={2007},
  volume={30},
  pages={1303-1313}
}
Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) were studied at the Snow Hill breeding colony in November 2006 to determine the effect of people on penguins traveling between the colony and the sea to forage. We tested the null hypothesis that the presence and number of people had no effect on the trajectory of movement or the number and duration of pauses. The distances at which penguins noticed people (mean 35.6 m), changed direction (mean 22.8 m), and the number and duration of pauses increased… Expand

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