Response of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) to ramp-up of a small experimental air gun array.

  title={Response of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) to ramp-up of a small experimental air gun array.},
  author={Rebecca A Dunlop and Michael J. Noad and Robert D. McCauley and Eric Kniest and Robert Slade and David Paton and Douglas H. Cato},
  journal={Marine pollution bulletin},
  volume={103 1-2},
'Ramp-up', or 'soft start', is a mitigation measure used in seismic surveys and involves increasing the radiated sound level over 20-40 min. This study compared the behavioural response in migrating humpback whales to the first stages of ramp-up with the response to a 'constant' source, 'controls' (in which the array was towed but not operated) with groups in the absence of the source vessel used as the 'baseline'. Although the behavioural response, in most groups, resulted in an increase in… CONTINUE READING
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