Response of Migrating-chinook Salmon (oncorhynchus Tshawytscha) Smolts to In-stream Structure Associated with Culverts

  title={Response of Migrating-chinook Salmon (oncorhynchus Tshawytscha) Smolts to In-stream Structure Associated with Culverts},
  author={Paul S. Kemp and J Graham Williams},
Poorly designed culverts can impede upstream movements of fish under high flows when excessive water velocities create adverse conditions. Improvement in upstream fish passage efficiency may occur with placement of structures within culverts that increase hydraulic complexity and provide resting areas. The effects of structural modification on downstream migrants, however, are unknown. To address this gap in knowledge, the behaviour of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) smolts was… CONTINUE READING
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