Respondent-driven sampling : A new approach to the study of hidden populations

@article{Heckathorn1997RespondentdrivenS,
  title={Respondent-driven sampling : A new approach to the study of hidden populations},
  author={Douglas D. Heckathorn},
  journal={Social Problems},
  year={1997},
  volume={44},
  pages={174-199}
}
A population is “hidden” when no sampling frame exists and public acknowledgment of membership in the population is potentially threatening. Accessing such populations is difficult because standard probability sampling methods produce low response rates and responses that lack candor. Existing procedures for sampling these populations, including snowball and other chain-referral samples, the key-informant approach, and targeted sampling, introduce well-documented biases into their samples. This… 

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