Respiratory function in patients post-infection by COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis

@article{TorresCastro2020RespiratoryFI,
  title={Respiratory function in patients post-infection by COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis},
  author={Rodrigo Torres-Castro and Luis Vasconcello-Castillo and Xavier Alsina-Restoy and Lilian Solis-Navarro and Fernando Burgos and Homero Puppo and Jordi Vilar{\'o}},
  journal={Pulmonology},
  year={2020},
  volume={27},
  pages={328 - 337}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Prevalence of potential respiratory symptoms in survivors of hospital admission after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Fatigue, dyspnoea, chest pain, and cough were the most prevalent respiratory symptoms found in 52%, 37%, 16% and 14% of patients between 3 weeks and 3 months, after discharge in survivors of hospital admission by COVID-19, respectively.
Radiological and functional pulmonary complications in patients recovered from COVID-19
TLDR
It was observed that post-COVID-19 infection patients showed impaired lung and radiological functions, with DLCO and GGO being the most important.
Parenchymal lung abnormalities following hospitalisation for COVID-19 and viral pneumonitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Introduction Persisting respiratory symptoms in COVID-19 survivors may be related to development of pulmonary fibrosis. We assessed the proportion of chest CT scans and pulmonary function tests
Assessment of activities of daily living in patients post COVID-19: a systematic review
TLDR
All included studies found a reduction of ADL beyond the test or scale used, revealing a vital worsening of functional ability in ADL performance and consequently loss of independence in COVID-19 patients after the acute phase of infection.
Journal Pre-proof Pulmonary long-term consequences of COVID-19 infections after hospital discharge
TLDR
To describe lung function and to identify biomarkers in serum and induced sputum samples from patients recovering from COVID-19 hospitalisation, patients admitted to Spanish hospitals with laboratory-confirmed CO VID-19 infection by real-time PCR for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 were recruited.
Pulmonary Evaluation of Post-COVID-19 Patients: An Ecuadorian Experience
TLDR
It was found that a considerable proportion of patients presented with persistent symptoms and alterations in pulmonary function following COVID-19, mainly a restrictive respiratory pattern and abnormally low DLCO.
Pulmonary long-term consequences of COVID-19 infections after hospital discharge
Lung function during and after acute respiratory infection in COVID-19 positive and negative outpatients
TLDR
At acute phase, outpatients with mild COVID-19 had more symptoms, higher small airway resistance and poorer lung elasticity compared to outpat patients with other respiratory infections, but there was no difference between the groups after 2 months.
European Respiratory Society statement on long COVID follow-up
TLDR
Overall, the evidence for follow-up care for patients with long COVID is limited, and this statement reviews QoL consequences, symptom burden, disability and home care follow- up.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES
Abnormal pulmonary function in COVID-19 patients at time of hospital discharge
TLDR
In discharged survivors with COVID-19, impairment of diffusion capacity is the most common abnormality of lung function, followed by restrictive ventilatory defects, which are both associated with the severity of the disease.
The Post-COVID-19 Functional Status scale: a tool to measure functional status over time after COVID-19
TLDR
An ordinal tool is proposed to measure the full spectrum of functional outcomes following COVID-19 and can be used for tracking functional status over time as well as for research purposes.
Impact of coronavirus disease 2019 on pulmonary function in early convalescence phase
TLDR
Impaired diffusing-capacity, lower respiratory muscle strength, and lung imaging abnormalities were detected in more than half of the COVID-19 patients in early convalescence phase and no significant correlation between TSS and pulmonary function parameters was found during follow-up visit.
Radiological findings from 81 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) CT Findings: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Lung ventilation function characteristics of survivors from severe COVID-19: a prospective study
TLDR
The abnormal rate of lung ventilation function was high near discharge, with restriction ventilation dysfunction and small airway dysfunction accounting for 50% of all patients, and no significant difference was found in MMEF/predicted value.
Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China
1-Year Pulmonary Function and Health Status in Survivors of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
TLDR
One year after recovery from SARS, persistent pulmonary function impairment was found in about one third of patients and the health status of SARS survivors was also significantly worse compared with the healthy population.
...
...