Respiratory feedback in the generation of emotion

  title={Respiratory feedback in the generation of emotion},
  author={Pierre Philippot and Ga{\"e}tane Chapelle and Sylvie Blairy},
  journal={Cognition and Emotion},
  pages={605 - 627}
This article reports two studies investigating the relationship between emotional feelings and respiration. In the first study, participants were asked to produce an emotion of either joy, anger, fear or sadness and to describe the breathing pattern that fit best with the generated emotion. Results revealed that breathing patterns reported during voluntary production of emotion were (a) comparable to those objectively recorded in psychophysiological experiments on emotion arousal, (b… 
The Role of Peripheral Feedback in Emotional Experience With Music
Given evidence from other domains that peripheral feedback can influence emotional experience, two experiments are reported that investigate the role of physiological arousal in determining the
On the Validity of the Autobiographical Emotional Memory Task for Emotion Induction
The Autobiographical Emotional Memory Task, which involves recalling and writing about intense emotional experiences, is a widely used method to experimentally induce emotions, but it is indicated that intended emotions (anger and fear) were successfully induced in the respective conditions in Experiment 1.
Spontaneous Breathing Rate Variations Linked to Social Exclusion and Emotion Self-assessment.
The emotional reactions to social exclusion can be associated with physiological responses that could allow researchers to estimate the valence and intensity of the ongoing affective state. In this
The temporal dynamics of two response-focused forms of emotion regulation: experiential, expressive, and autonomic consequences.
A strong overlap between the two suppression strategies in terms of their early impact on emotional responses is suggested, with physiological suppression showing a larger decrease in experience intensity and blood pressure than expressive suppression.
Using Movement to Regulate Emotion: Neurophysiological Findings and Their Application in Psychotherapy
The idea that certain motor qualities enhance specific emotions is utilized by the therapist also when she mirrors the client’s movements or motor qualities in order to feel what the client feels, and empathize with them.
Chapter 1
The present chapter reviews various techniques for emotion regulation using voluntary changes in motor behavior. Emotion regulation is defined as a person‘s active attempt to manage his emotional
Psychophysiological and Oculomotoric Changes During Emotion Elicitation
With an aim to examine behavioural and physiological changes during emotion elicitation, 30 participants were shown audio, video or audio-video versions of movie clips depicting anger, fear,
Where is emotional feeling felt in the body? An integrative review
The core issues of where emotional feelings are felt in the body and time-related implications for regulation are investigated, suggesting a dearth of comprehensive findings pertaining to feeling locations.
Face the noise: embodied responses to nonverbal vocalizations of discrete emotions.
Results support the idea that cross-channel simulations of others' states serve facilitative functions similar to more strict imitations of observed expressive behavior, and suggest flexibility in the motoric and affective systems involved in emotion processing and interpersonal emotion transfer.


The facilitative effect of facial expression on the self-generation of emotion.
Autonomic response patterns during voluntary facial action.
It is concluded that changes in heart rate are not the consequence of the capacity of facial activity to recruit emotion-specific autonomic activity but instead are modulated by effort-related changes in respiration.
The autonomic differentiation of emotions revisited: convergent and discriminant validation.
Three models of physiological emotion specificity were compared and Planned multivariate comparisons between physiological profiles established discriminant validity for fear and anger in the real-life context, whereas under imagery, emotion profiles were essentially equal.
Inducing and assessing differentiated emotion-feeling states in the laboratory.
Overall, results indicate that film segments can elicit a diversity of predictable emotions, in the same way, in a majority of individuals.
Emotions and respiratory patterns: review and critical analysis.
  • F. Boiten, N. Frijda, C. Wientjes
  • Psychology
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 1994
The Interaction of Cognitive and Physiological Determinants of Emotional State
The real role of facial response in the experience of emotion: A reply to Tourangeau and Ellsworth, and others.
The facial feedback hypothesis holds that emotional experiences are derived from facial expressions. Ten published studies indicating that manipulated facial expressions do produce corresponding
Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity.
Results indicated that voluntary facial activity produced significant levels of subjective experience of the associated emotion, and that autonomic distinctions among emotions were found both between negative and positive emotions and among negative emotions.
Proprioceptive Determinants of Emotional and Nonemotional Feelings
This article reports 2 experiments that test whether both emotional and nonemotional feelings may be influenced by uninterpreted proprioceptive input. The logic of the procedure was adopted from
Facial expressions and the regulation of emotions.
  • C. Izard
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
A new developmental model of expression-feeling relations provides a framework for reevaluating previous research and for understanding the conditions under which expressions are effective in activating and regulating feeling states.