Respiratory control of heart rate

  title={Respiratory control of heart rate},
  author={Azza Kamal Ahmed and J Barrie Harness and Alan J Mearns},
  journal={European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology},
Cross spectrum techniques have been used to characterise the relationships between breathing rate, sinus rhythm and peripheral blood flow. The breathing rate modulates both sinus rhythm and peripheral blood flow between certain limits, with a characteristic frequency amplitude pattern and entrains the Traube-Hering-Mayer waves within set limits. Beyond the upper limit of 0.4 Hz (24 breath min−1) no modulation occurs. The lower limit is estimated in our subjects able to breathe at rates of 0.033… CONTINUE READING
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