Respiratory action of the intercostal muscles.

@article{Troyer2005RespiratoryAO,
  title={Respiratory action of the intercostal muscles.},
  author={A. De Troyer and P. Kirkwood and T. Wilson},
  journal={Physiological reviews},
  year={2005},
  volume={85 2},
  pages={
          717-56
        }
}
The mechanical advantages of the external and internal intercostals depend partly on the orientation of the muscle but mostly on interspace number and the position of the muscle within each interspace. Thus the external intercostals in the dorsal portion of the rostral interspaces have a large inspiratory mechanical advantage, but this advantage decreases ventrally and caudally such that in the ventral portion of the caudal interspaces, it is reversed into an expiratory mechanical advantage… Expand
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