Respiratory Dysregulation in Anxiety, Functional Cardiac, and Pain Disorders

@article{Wilhelm2001RespiratoryDI,
  title={Respiratory Dysregulation in Anxiety, Functional Cardiac, and Pain Disorders},
  author={Frank H. Wilhelm and Richard Gevirtz and Walton T. Roth},
  journal={Behavior Modification},
  year={2001},
  volume={25},
  pages={513 - 545}
}
Respiration is a complex physiological system affecting a variety of physical processes that can act as a critical link between mind and body. This reviewdiscusses the evidence for dysregulated breathing playing a role in three clinical syndromes: panic disorder, functional cardiac disorder, and chronic pain. Recent technological advances allowing the ambulatory assessment of endtidal partial pressure of CO2 (PCO2) and respiratory patterns have opened up new avenues for investigation and… Expand

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