Respiratory Control, Pauses, and Tonal Control in L1’s and L2’s Text Reading – A Pilot Study on Swedish and Japanese –

@article{IseiJaakkola2018RespiratoryCP,
  title={Respiratory Control, Pauses, and Tonal Control in L1’s and L2’s Text Reading – A Pilot Study on Swedish and Japanese –},
  author={Toshiko Isei-Jaakkola and Yasuko Nagano-Madsen and Keiko Ochi},
  journal={Speech Prosody 2018},
  year={2018}
}
This paper reports the results of a pilot study, which examines the respiratory control exerted by chest and abdominal-muscles during the reading of a long text in the mother tongue (L1) and a targeted foreign language that is being learned (L2), with reference to syntax and prosody in Japanese and Swedish. Three datasets of read speech were obtained from Swedish speakers (SwL1), Swedish learners of Japanese (SwL2), and Japanese speakers (JL1). The results showed that the subjects used… 
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Text reading speed was more stable in L1 than in L2, and the lower abdomen was controllable, which may indicate “stomach respiration,” and the vital capacity volume did not sufficiently correlate with the subjects’ expiratory and inspiratory air volume during speech.
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A néma szünetek és a hallható levegővétel viszonya a spontán beszédben
The relation of silent pauses and audible breathing in spontaneous speech Speech is occasionally interrupted by pauses of various length. They are essential parts of human speech. Until the first

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