Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory

  title={Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory},
  author={John D. McCarthy and Mayer N. Zald},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={1212 - 1241}
Past analysis of social movements and social movement organizations has normally assumed a close link between the frustrations or grievances of a collectivity of actors and the growth and decline of movement activity. Questioning the theoretical centrality of this assumption directs social movement analysis away from its heavy emphasis upon the social psychology of social movement participants; it can then be more easily integrated with structural theories of social process. This essay presents… Expand
The Self-Organization of Social Movements
The New Social Movement Approach and the Resource Mobilization Approach are the dominant approaches in social movement research. They focus either on macro-aspects and externalism or on micro-aspectsExpand
Resource mobilization theorists have nearly abandoned social-psychological analysis of social movements. In this paper a fresh case is made for social psychology. New insights in psychology areExpand
Resource Mobilization Theory and the Study of Social Movements
Resource mobilization theory has recently presented an alternative interpretation of social movements. The review traces the emergence and recent controversies generated by this new perspective. AExpand
Social sciences and social movements: the theoretical context
This manuscript situates the papers of this special issue within the broader context of social movement research. It discusses the historical and theoretical significance of the four mainExpand
Theorizing Social Movements
The analysis and theorization of social movements is central to understanding social life, state-society relations, and social change, and comprises one of the most vibrant areas of sociologicalExpand
From a Tweet to the Street: The Effect of Social Media on Social Movement Theory
This thesis studies the role of social media within social movements and social movement theory and focuses on applying these theories to the Ni Una Menos movement of Argentina. I focus on threeExpand
The Concept of Social Movement
Recent developments in social movement research have evidenced a greater underlying consensus in the field than one might have assumed. Efforts have been made to bridge different perspectives andExpand
Mobilization and Meaning: Toward an Integration of Social Psychological and Resource Perspectives on Social Movements
This paper presents a model of the mobilization of people into movements that is compatible with a resource mobilization perspective on social movement organizations as the unit of analysis, butExpand
Social Movement Spillover
Social movements are not distinct and self-contained; rather, they grow from and give birth to other movements, work in coalition with other movements, and influence each other indirectly throughExpand
Issue Bricolage: Explaining the Configuration of the Social Movement Sector, 1960–19951
Using a data set of protest events occurring in the United States from 1960 to 1995, the authors model the mechanisms shaping why certain movement issues appear together at protest events and demonstrate how ideational linkages are formed through protest events. Expand


Patterns of Belief In Social Movements: Clarifications from an Analysis of Environmental Groups
Several explanations of social movements rest on the assumption that participants are bonded together by a commonly-held set of beliefs differentiating them from non-participants. This is especiallyExpand
Social Movement Organizations: Growth, Decay and Change
The classical approach to the study of the transformation of social movements (here called the Weber-Michels model) predicts that a movement organization will become more conservative and that itsExpand
Introduction to Social Movements
COURSE OVERVIEW Social movements have long been driving forces behind political, social, and cultural change. From the Civil Rights movement of the 60s to the recent "Arab Spring," the extraordinaryExpand
Majority Involvement in Minority Movements: Civil Rights, Abolition, Untouchability1
Social movements seeking to change the subordinate status of ethnic minorities have drawn activists from both the minority and dominant groups. Conflict has at times developed between movementExpand
Insurgency of the Powerless: Farm Worker Movements (1946-1972).
Drawing on the perspective developed in recent work by Oberschall (1973), Tilly (1975) and Gamson (1975), we analyze the political process centered around farm worker insurgencies. Comparing theExpand
The psychology of social movements
Hadley Cantril looked beyond the surface of social movements to examine the psychology behind them. What motivates people to follow an untried leader? What does the social environment do to makeExpand
The Organizational Substructure of Disorderly Politics
According to the theory of mass society, organizational membership drags people into routine politics, while discouraging participation in direct action movements. The thesis of this paper is thatExpand
The Psychology of Political Activity
This study examines the attitudes of citizens to actions that might be taken under hypothetical conditions of governmental oppression. A technique called Polarized Sub group Analysis (PSA) was usedExpand
Thoughts on a Neglected Category of Social Movement Participant: The Agent Provocateur and the Informant
  • G. Marx
  • Medicine
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1974
The origins and motives of informants, their roles in radical groups, and factors conducive to their becoming agents provocateurs are explored. Expand
The Significance of Extremism in the Black Revolution
This paper examines the connotations of the term “extremism” as used with reference to the Black Protest Movement. An heuristic definition of contemporary black extremism is derived from Gary Marx'Expand