Resolving the paradox of shame: Differentiating among specific appraisal-feeling combinations explains pro-social and self-defensive motivation

@article{Gausel2016ResolvingTP,
  title={Resolving the paradox of shame: Differentiating among specific appraisal-feeling combinations explains pro-social and self-defensive motivation},
  author={Nicolay Gausel and Vivian Laurance Vignoles and Colin Wayne Leach},
  journal={Motivation and Emotion},
  year={2016},
  volume={40},
  pages={118-139}
}
Research has shown that people can respond both self-defensively and pro-socially when they experience shame. We address this paradox by differentiating among specific appraisals (of specific self-defect and concern for condemnation) and feelings (of shame, inferiority, and rejection) often reported as part of shame. In two Experiments (Study 1: N = 85; Study 2: N = 112), manipulations that put participants’ social-image at risk increased their appraisal of concern for condemnation. In Study 2… CONTINUE READING
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