Resistance training for health and performance

  title={Resistance training for health and performance},
  author={William J. Kraemer and Nicholas A Ratamess and Duncan N French},
  journal={Current Sports Medicine Reports},
Resistance training is recommended by national health organizations for incorporation into a comprehensive fitness program that includes aerobic and flexibility exercise. Its potential benefits on health and performance are numerous; it has been shown to reduce body fat, increase basal metabolic rate, decrease blood pressure and the cardiovascular demands to exercise, improve blood lipid profiles, glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity, increase muscle and connective tissue cross-sectional… 

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The authors summarize recent research detailing the numerous benefits gained from participating in an RT program in those with or at risk for chronic disease, including increases in muscle mass and strength; enhanced physical function; and reductions in negative mood states.

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Single set programs are recommended for healthy persons of all ages and many patients with chronic diseases, single set programs of up to 15 repetitions performed a minimum of 2 d x wk(-1) are recommended.

American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and type 2 diabetes.

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Resistance Exercise in Individuals With and Without Cardiovascular Disease Benefits, Rationale, Safety, and Prescription An Advisory From the Committee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention, Council on Clinical Cardiology, American Heart Association

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Strength Training in the Elderly

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Exercise in chronic pulmonary disease: resistance exercise prescription.

  • T. Storer
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 2001
The skeletal muscle dysfunction that accompanies chronic respiratory disease is discussed and strategies for resistance exercise training that may be considered as part of pulmonary rehabilitation are presented, derived on extrapolations from extant guidelines used to develop strength, power, and endurance in healthy individuals.

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High-intensity resistance training, in contrast to traditional pharmacological and nutritional approaches for improving bone health in older adults, has the added benefit of influencing multiple risk factors for osteoporosis including improved strength and balance and increased muscle mass.

Reversing sarcopenia: how weight training can build strength and vitality.

For many older patients, exercise represents the safest, least expensive means to lose body fat, decrease blood pressure, improving glucose tolerance, and maintain long-term independence.

Influence of eccentric actions on the metabolic cost of resistance exercise.

Because ecc actions enhance the resistance training-induced increases in strength that are evident with only con actions with minimal additional energy cost, it is suggested that they be considered in exercise prescriptions for use in space.

Skeletal muscle adaptations during early phase of heavy-resistance training in men and women.

The data suggest that skeletal muscle adaptations that may contribute to strength gains of the lower extremity are similar for men and women during the early phase of resistance training and, with the exception of changes in the fast fiber type composition, that they occur gradually.