Resistance to the Systematic Study of Multiple Discoveries in Science

@article{Merton1963ResistanceTT,
  title={Resistance to the Systematic Study of Multiple Discoveries in Science},
  author={R. Merton},
  journal={European Journal of Sociology},
  year={1963},
  volume={4},
  pages={237 - 282}
}
  • R. Merton
  • Published 1 December 1963
  • History
  • European Journal of Sociology
The pages of the history of science record thousands of instances of similar discoveries having been made by scientists working independently of one another. Sometimes the discoveries are simultaneous or almost so; sometimes a scientist will make anew a discovery which, unknown to him, somebody else had made years before. Such occurrences suggest that discoveries become virtually inevitable when prerequisite kinds of knowledge and tools accumulate in man's cultural store and when the attention… 

Multiple discoveries in economic theory

Instances of multiple discoveries in economic theory have long been noted and debated. The paper, based on a sample of 40 cases, seems to be the first systematic overview of the subject. Section I

Chapter 6 The (Re?)Emergence of New Ideas in the Field of Organizational Studies

  • Ulla Eriksson-Zetterquist
  • Education
    The Production of Managerial Knowledge and Organizational Theory: New Approaches to Writing, Producing and Consuming Theory
  • 2019
Abstract The circumstances for the emergence of new ideas in organizational theory have previously been explored from several viewpoints. Researchers trace the origins of new ideas to previous

Conflicting Values, Priority Disputes, and Scientific Discovery: A Cognitive-Historical Approach

1.1 Background Analysis: Challenges to the Rationalist Tradition in the Philosophy of Science One of the leitmotifs in scientific literature, especially standard textbooks recommended for the

On the Shoulders of the Spouses of Scientists

It is by now a commonplace to say that modern science is deeply dependent upon a host of crucial social support mechanisms for its continued functioning, let alone for its very existence.1 For

Idea Twins: Simultaneous Discoveries as a Research Tool

TLDR
A new method that uses the literature on the social construction of science to go beyond the old debate of scientific and technological similarity is proposed and a new algorithm that generated a large dataset of scientific multiples in an automated and systematic fashion is presented.

CITATION MEASURES OF THE INFLUENCE OF ROBERT K. MERTON

TLDR
The content analysis done on 35 social science and 49 natural science articles published between 1961-1977 confirmed the impression that Merton’s major contribution has been that of a theorist.

Professional Standing and the Reception of Scientific Discoveries

  • S. Cole
  • Education
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1970
The Matthew Effect occurs when scientists receive differential recognition for a particular scientific contribution depending on their location in the stratification system. Merton originally

The Web of Knowledge

TLDR
Research front data reveal links among researchers working on related threads of scientific inquiry, but whose backgrounds might not suggest that they belong to the same invisible college, as well as patterns and groupings of how papers are cited.

Alternative claims to the discovery of modern logic: coincidences and diversification

TLDR
It is argued that the co-existence of alternative claims concerning the discovery of modern logic, in fact, places the historian in an advantageous situation.

The Other Merton Thesis

The Argument Written as one book, Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth-Century England has become two. One book, treating Puritanism and science, has since become “The Merton Thesis.” The
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES

Ambivalence of Scientists.

  • R. Merton
  • Education
    Canadian Medical Association journal
  • 1963
TLDR
It is a high privilege to be invited to give the lecture that annually commemorates the first great president of this first authentic university in the United States, and to think that the double recognition thus accorded sociology by the Johns Hopkins is only another bit of testimony to the far-seeing vision of Daniel Coit Gilman.

The Value of Inspiration. A Study on Julius Robert Mayer and Josef Popper-Lynkeus

T nHE question of priority plays only an unsignificant role in the scientific literature of our time. Scientific activity is now often shrouded in secrecy, and scientific work mostly pursued by

Science and the Social Order

THE object of the pamphlets in the Series “Looking Forward”, issued by the Royal Institute of International Affairs, is to present problems rather than to solve them; and Dr. C. H. Desch has carried

The Definition and Measurement of Ambiences

A NUMBER of recent developments have given new importance to formal sociology, as originally defined by Simmel: "Geometrical abstraction investigates only the spatial forms of bodies, although

The Thought and Character of William James

When it was originally published in a two-volume edition in 1935, Ralph Barton Perry's magisterial work on William James was greeted with much critical acclaim. A briefer one-volume edition was

The Interpretation of Dreams

In 1909, G. Stanley Hall invited me to Clark University, in Worcester, to give the first lectures on psychoanalysis. In the same year, Dr Brill published the first of his translations of my writings,

Men of Mathematics

TLDR
The amount of biographical details and of mathematics that the writer has compressed into a volume of 650 pages is extraordinary ; but he is never dull ; his style is lively, at times even 'snappy' ; he carries the reader along ; he whets the appetite.

On the history of the psycho-analytic movement

TLDR
Freud approved the overall editorial plan, specific renderings of key words and phrases, and the addition of valuable notes, from bibliographical and explanatory, to place the Standard Edition in a position of unquestioned supremacy over all other existing versions.

Essays in Historical Chemistry

PREVIOUS editions of this valuable work have been reviewed in these columns at some length, the first in our issue for April 12, 1894 (vol. xlix., p. 551), and the second in that of August 14, 1902

Freud or Jung

One of the great dramatic events in the history of twentieth-century thought was the break of Carl Jung--the crown prince of the psychoanalytic movement--with his mentor and collaborator Sigmund
...