Resistance and vulnerability of crustaceans to cytolytic sea anemone toxins.

@article{Giese1996ResistanceAV,
  title={Resistance and vulnerability of crustaceans to cytolytic sea anemone toxins.},
  author={Claudia‐Corina Giese and Dietrich Mebs and Bernd Werding},
  journal={Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology},
  year={1996},
  volume={34 8},
  pages={
          955-8
        }
}
  • C. Giese, D. Mebs, B. Werding
  • Published 1 August 1996
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Crustaceans (Mithraculus, Neopetrolisthes, Periclimenes, Stenorhynchus sp.) living in association with sea anemones, shore crabs (Metopograpsus oceanicus) and brine shrimps (Artemia salina) were found to be resistent to the exposure of cytolytic sea anemone toxins (up to 100 micrograms/ml) and to other membrane-active compounds such as gramicidin A and saponin. The gill filaments of the crustaceans were not affected, indicating that the chitin layer protects the epithelium from the action of… 
Chemical biology of the mutualistic relationships of sea anemones with fish and crustaceans.
  • D. Mebs
  • Biology, Medicine
    Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
  • 2009
TLDR
Fish species of the genera Amphiprion and Premnas as well as various crustaceans seek protection from predators among the tentacles of sea anemones, where they live essentially unharmed from stinging by the host's nematocysts.
Cytolytic peptide and protein toxins from sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actiniaria).
  • G. Anderluh, P. Maček
  • Biology, Medicine
    Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
  • 2002
TLDR
The crystal structure of equinatoxin II has been determined at 1.9A resolution, and biological, structure-function, and pharmacological characteristics of these cytolysins are reviewed.
Actinoporins, pore-forming toxins of sea anemones (Actiniaria)
Sea anemones (Actiniaria) produce four different classes of cytolytic polypeptides (Anderluh and Maček, 2002). One class, comprising basic ~20 kDa proteins, detected as lethal hemolysins or
FIELD EXPERIMENTS ON THE ASSOCIATION OF DECAPOD CRUSTACEANS WITH SEA ANEMONES, ANEMONIA VIRIDIS (FORSSKÅL, 1775)
TLDR
It is indicated that decapods go through an individual habituation phase before they become symbionts and once habituated, they are protected from neighbouring anemones as well.
Ecological traits of Caribbean sea anemones and symbiotic crustaceans
TLDR
Examination of ecological traits of 3 anemone species and their crustacean symbionts on a coral reef at Puerto Morelos, Mexico provides a baseline to assess the influence of local and global anthropogenic stressors on anem onecrustacean Symbioses.
Hydra actinoporin-like toxin-1, an unusual hemolysin from the nematocyst venom of Hydra magnipapillata which belongs to an extended gene family.
TLDR
It is shown that hydra actinoporin-like toxins (HALTs), which have previously been associated with Hydra nematocysts, belong to a multigene family comprising six genes, which have diverged from a single common ancestor.
Dietary Quillaja saponin improves growth and resistance against acute hyposalinity shock in the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon post larvae
TLDR
In conclusion, the diets containing QS enhanced the shrimp's attractability, promoted both growth and immune response against acute hyposalinity stress against salinity stress in the black tiger shrimp P. monodon.
Field experiments on individual adaptation of the spider crab Inachus phalangium to its sea anemone host Anemonia viridis in the northern Adriatic Sea
TLDR
It is concluded that the crabs possessed some sort of non-permanent protection mechanism that was lost during the test run and habituation to the host’s defense / attack mechanism is acquired individually and not genetically inherent to the species.
Sea Anemones and Anemonefish: A Match Made in Heaven
TLDR
Symbioses between the two groups provide the following benefits: mutual protection from predators, an exchange of nutrients, improved reproductive and lifetime fitness.
Associations with sea anemones in the Mediterranean Sea: A review
TLDR
Among 52 species of Mediterranean anemones 22 are associated with other organisms, and these associations include mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
Anemonefish symbiosis: vulnerability and resistance of fish to the toxin of the sea anemone.
  • D. Mebs
  • Biology, Medicine
    Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
  • 1994
TLDR
The results of the study indicate that resistance to toxins secreted by the sea anemone has evolved in some Amphiprion species, but it is not an essential or a major factor in the anem onefish symbiosis.
Purification and pharmacological properties of eight sea anemone toxins from Anemonia sulcata, Anthopleura xanthogrammica, Stoichactis giganteus, and Actinodendron plumosum.
TLDR
A very good correlation exists between the toxic activity to mice, the affinity of the toxin for the Na+ channel in rat brain synaptosomes, and the stimulating effect on 22 Na+ uptake by neuroblastoma cells.
An experimental analysis of the protection of Amphiprion xanthurus Cuvier & Valenciennes and some other anemone fishes from sea anemones
TLDR
Data show that an acclimated anemone fish is protected from sea anemones due to something associated with its epidermal mucous coat and that this protection is acquired during acclimation.
Purification of three polypeptides with neuro- and cardiotoxic activity from the sea anemone Anemonia sulcata.
  • L. Béress, R. Béress
  • Biology, Medicine
    Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
  • 1975
TLDR
Three toxic polypeptides, Toxins I, II and III have been isolated from the sea anemone Anemonia sulcata Pennant (Actinaria) and it was demonstrated that the same toxins are also present in the separated tentacles.
The acclimation of anemone fishes to sea anemones: Protection by changes in the fish's mucous coat
TLDR
The hypothesis that the Amphiprion clarkii is responsible for manufacturing its own protection from sea anemones, presumably by independently altering its own mucous coat during acclimation, is supported.
Macromolecular Mimicry: Substances Released by Sea Anemones and Their Role in the Protection of Anemone Fishes
TLDR
Some fundamental experiments on the protection of anemone fishes are summarized to provide a background for the investigations dealt with in this paper.
Produktion oder übernahme von schutzstoffen als ursache des Nesselschutzes von Anemonenfischen
TLDR
The results confirm the suggested mechanism of protection formulated previously by Schlichter, namely that the fishes acquire anemone-substances (‘protective substances’) during the process of acclimation, and that they remain protected only if they live in the midst of anemones or very close to them.
The sorting of food particles by Abra sp. (bivalvia: tellinacea)
TLDR
The material ingested by A. alba is significantly finer than that taken into the mantle cavity indicating that the pallial organs actively select food by size, and selection of material for ingestion by size in A. nitida appears to be optional.
Coelenterate Ecology and Behavior