Resistance Exercise May Improve Spatial Awareness and Visual Reaction in Older Adults

@article{Fragala2014ResistanceEM,
  title={Resistance Exercise May Improve Spatial Awareness and Visual Reaction in Older Adults},
  author={Maren S Fragala and Kyle S Beyer and Adam R. Jajtner and Jeremy R. Townsend and Gabriel J. Pruna and Carleigh H. Boone and Johnathan D. Bohner and David Hideyoshi Fukuda and Jeffrey R Stout and Jay R. Hoffman},
  journal={Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research},
  year={2014},
  volume={28},
  pages={2079–2087}
}
Abstract Fragala, MS, Beyer, KS, Jajtner, AR, Townsend, JR, Pruna, GJ, Boone, CH, Bohner, JD, Fukuda, DH, Stout, JR, and Hoffman, JR. Resistance exercise may improve spatial awareness and visual reaction in older adults. J Strength Cond Res 28(8): 2079–2087, 2014—Aerobic exercise has been shown to counteract age-related neurological decrements that are associated with cognitive and physical impairments. However, the effects of resistance exercise on cognition, reaction, and neurotrophins are… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Neural Bases of Age-Related Sensorimotor Slowing in the Upper and Lower Limbs
With advanced age, there is a loss of reaction speed that may contribute to an increased risk of tripping and falling. Avoiding falls and injuries requires awareness of the threat, followed by
Memory training combined with 3D visuospatial stimulus improves cognitive performance in the elderly: pilot study
TLDR
This study showed that the combination of MT and 3D-MOT contributed for a better cognitive performance in the EG, and encouraged further research and the development of combined cognitive interventions for the elderly population with and without cognitive deficits.
The beneficial effects of different types of exercise interventions on motor and cognitive functions in older age: a systematic review
TLDR
Overall, observations from the 19 included studies conclude that improvements on both motor and cognitive functions were found, mainly in interventions that adopt physical-cognitive training or combined exercise training, and advocates the use of multimodal exercise training paradigms or interventions to improve cognitive-motor abilities in older adults.
The relationship between muscular strength and cognition in older adults
Little is known about the correlation between resistance training, muscular strength, and cognition. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between muscular strength and cognition in older
Lifting cognition: a meta-analysis of effects of resistance exercise on cognition
TLDR
Resistance training appears to have positive effects on cognition; however, future research will need to determine why the effects are so variable.
Resistance Exercise-Induced Responses in Physiological Factors Linked with Cognitive Health.
TLDR
Vascular and neuronal degeneration as a cause or consequence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease, and the biological markers of neurogenesis and blood vessel growth, function, and regulation are discussed.
The effects of strength training on cognitive performance in elderly women
TLDR
It is demonstrated that regular resistance exercises could provide significant gains on the upper and lower body strength concomitant to positive improvements on cognitive capacities of elderly women, bringing enhanced life quality.
Effects of Upper Limb Resistance Training on Cognition and Daily Living Activities in Older Adults
TLDR
Upper limb strengthening seems to have the potential to improve cognitive performance in the elderly and can be recommended as a regular exercise activity, however, further studies with more comprehensive outcome measures are needed.
Resistance training improves cognitive function in older adults with different cognitive status: a systematic review and Meta-analysis
TLDR
Overall cognitive function in CH and CI older adults was improved, whereas short-term memory, assessed by the digit span of the WAIS III, was only significantly improved in CH older adults.
The effect of resistance training on cognitive function in the older adults: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
TLDR
Main results showed that resistance training had positive effects on the executive function and global cognitive function of the elderly, and short-term interventions had little positive effect on memory and attention, and triweekly resistance training has a better effect on general cognitive ability than biweekly.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
Brain cortical activity is influenced by exercise mode and intensity.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that cortical activation patterns depend on exercise mode and intensity and that individual exercise preferences may contribute to the positive psychophysiological response.
Healthy Older Observers Show Equivalent Perceptual-Cognitive Training Benefits to Young Adults for Multiple Object Tracking
TLDR
Data support the notion that learning in healthy older persons is maintained for processing complex dynamic scenes, and show that perceptual-cognitive training can significantly reduce age-related effects in older individuals, who show an identical learning function to younger healthy adults.
Situation Awareness: Does it Change With Age?
The aim of this research project was to study age-related differences in our ability to perceive and abstract important information from the environment and to determine what physical and cognitive
Physical activity in relation to cognitive decline in elderly men
TLDR
Even in old age, participation in activities with at least a medium-low intensity may postpone cognitive decline, and a decrease in duration orintensity of physical activity results in a stronger cognitive decline than maintaining duration or intensity.
Resistance training promotes cognitive and functional brain plasticity in seniors with probable mild cognitive impairment.
TLDR
This research presents a novel and scalable approach to regenerative medicine that addresses the underlying cause of hip dysplasia and its role in mobility and disease progression.
Exercise moderates age-related atrophy of the medial temporal lobe
Physical activity, including walking, and cognitive function in older women.
TLDR
Long-term regular physical activity, including walking, is associated with significantly better cognitive function and less cognitive decline in older women.
Adaptations in maximal motor unit discharge rate to strength training in young and older adults
TLDR
Adaptations in abductor digiti minimi MUDR suggest a two‐part response to strengthening fifth finger abduction: early disinhibition followed by altered MU activation.
...
...