Resin collection and social immunity in honey bees.

  title={Resin collection and social immunity in honey bees.},
  author={Michael Simone and Jay D. Evans and Marla Spivak},
  journal={Evolution; international journal of organic evolution},
  volume={63 11},
Diverse animals have evolved an ability to collect antimicrobial compounds from the environment as a means of reducing infection risk. Honey bees battle an extensive assemblage of pathogens with both individual and "social" defenses. We determined if the collection of resins, complex plant secretions with diverse antimicrobial properties, acts as a colony-level immune defense by honey bees. Exposure to extracts from two sources of honey bee propolis (a mixture of resins and wax) led to a… CONTINUE READING