Contested leadership in international relations: Power politics in South America, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa
- Daniel Flemes, Thorsten Wojczewski
This paper analyzes the declining importance of political parties in the Central African Republic (CAR). It argues that the problematic attitude of elites who are fluctuating be‐ tween violent and peaceful behavior in order to further their own careers is jeopardizing both peace and democracy. The author hypothesizes that both political parties and rebel movements are failing to adequately represent (ethnoregional) interests, but that parties are suffering more in the course of the enduring war and the peace process. Patterns of elite behavior are presented as the main explanation for the resulting crisis of representa‐ tion, with international actors’ preference for inclusionary power‐sharing deals seen as the main aggravating factor.