Reservoir of four organisms associated with bacterial vaginosis suggests lack of sexual transmission

@article{Holst1990ReservoirOF,
  title={Reservoir of four organisms associated with bacterial vaginosis suggests lack of sexual transmission},
  author={Elisabeth Holst},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Microbiology},
  year={1990},
  volume={28},
  pages={2035 - 2039}
}
  • E. Holst
  • Published 1 September 1990
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Journal of Clinical Microbiology
This study consisted of a search for the possible reservoir and mode of spread of the four bacterial vaginosis-associated organisms Mobiluncus mulieris, Mobiluncus curtisii, Mycoplasma hominis, and Gardnerella vaginalis. Their occurrence in rectal, oral, and pharyngeal specimens from women with and without bacterial vaginosis, their male sexual consorts, four homosexual men, and children (altogether, 374 people) was studied. Genital samples were also obtained from all adults. All four organisms… 
Bacterial vaginosis.
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    Clinical Microbiology Reviews
  • 1991
TLDR
The mechanisms by which the BV-associated flora causes the signs of BV are not well understood, but a role for H2O2-producing Lactobacillus spp.
Evolving issues in understanding and treating bacterial vaginosis
  • J. Marrazzo
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    Expert review of anti-infective therapy
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TLDR
Bacterial vaginosis has been consistently associated with numerous adverse sequelae related to the upper genital tract, including pelvic inflammatory disease and postsurgical infection in the setting of invasive gynecologic procedures, and may increase women’s risk of acquiring HIV infection.
Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in male sexual partners of women with and without bacterial vaginosis.
TLDR
The presence or absence of this organism from genitourinary specimens of male sexual partners of women with and without normal vaginal flora using G. vaginalis-specific PCR was determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
Gardnerella vaginalis isolated from patients with bacterial vaginosis and from patients with healthy vaginal ecosystems.
TLDR
G. vaginalis isolates from patients with bacterial vaginosis and from patients without BV were examined, and biotype 5 was predominantly associated with a healthy vaginal ecosystem and biotypes 5 and 7 were the most resistant to metronidazole.
Gardnerella vaginalis: characteristics, clinical considerations, and controversies
  • B. Catlin
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical Microbiology Reviews
  • 1992
TLDR
Controversy over the etiology of bacterial vaginosis was largely resolved by studies using improved media and methods for the isolation and identification of bacteria in vaginal fluids and standardization of criteria for clinical and laboratory diagnosis.
Treatment and Management of Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnancy: Current and Future Perspectives
TLDR
Black race, higher-risk sexual activity, frequent vaginal douching and the substantial reduction of hydrogen peroxide-producing Lactobacillus spp.
Characterization of the vaginal microflora
TLDR
It is shown that culture remains essential and the most complete picture of the composition of complex microbial communities is obtained by the combination of culture-based with culture-independent approaches.
An association between non-gonococcal urethritis and bacterial vaginosis and the implications for patients and their sexual partners.
TLDR
An association exists between NGU and BV, and vice versa, and the findings could help to explain the development of urethritis in stable sexual relationships.
The genital econiche: focus on microbiota and bacterial vaginosis
Ecological and evolutionary forces shaping the normal and abnormal microflora of the genital econiche are discussed, in particular those related to bacterial vaginosis, which worldwide is the most
The microbiology of bacterial vaginosis.
  • G. Hill
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    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • 1993
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