Reservoir Role of Lizard Psammodromus algirus in Transmission Cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato (Spirochaetaceae) in Tunisia

@inproceedings{Dsouli2006ReservoirRO,
  title={Reservoir Role of Lizard Psammodromus algirus in Transmission Cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato (Spirochaetaceae) in Tunisia},
  author={Najla Dsouli and Hend Younsi-kabachii and Danièle Postic and Sa{\"i}d Nouira and Lise Gern and Ali Bouattour},
  booktitle={Journal of medical entomology},
  year={2006}
}
Abstract To investigate the reservoir role of the lizard Psammodromus algirus for the Lyme disease spirochete, 199 lizards were trapped from April to October 2003 in El Jouza, northwestern Tunisia. In this site, the infection rate of free-living Ixodes ricinus (L.) by Borrelia was evaluated by immunofluorescence as 34.6% for adult ticks and 12.5% for nymphs. Eighty percent of P. algirus (117/146) captured during this study were infested by I. ricinus, the predominant tick species collected from… 

Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in lizards and their ticks from Hungary.

TLDR
Lizards, particularly L. viridis, can be important hosts for I. ricinus larvae and nymphs; thus, they can be regarded as reservoirs of these important pathogen vectors.

Infestation of sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) resident in the Northeastern Poland by Ixodes ricinus (L.) ticks and their infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato

TLDR
Results suggest that lizards are probably not B. burgdorferi reservoirs, but further studies are required to confirm this, and the prevalence of infection was analysed in relation to months of the capture, age and sex of the lizards, but differences were not statistically significant.

Borrelia lusitaniae in Immature Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) Feeding on Common Wall Lizards in Tuscany, Central Italy

TLDR
Results of this study suggest that lizards play an important role as reservoirs for B. lusitanae and may affect the dominance of this genospecies in the Mediterranean area.

Role of sand lizards in the ecology of Lyme and other tick-borne diseases in the Netherlands

TLDR
Despite their apparent low reservoir competence, the presence of sand lizards had insignificant impact on the B. burgdorferi s.l. infection rate of questing ticks.

Importance of Common Wall Lizards in the Transmission Dynamics of Tick-Borne Pathogens in the Northern Apennine Mountains, Italy

TLDR
The results support the hypothesis that lizards are involved in the epidemiological cycles of TBP, and the heterogeneity of B. burgdorferi genospecies mirrors previous findings in questing ticks in the area, and their finding in attached I. ricinus larvae suggests thatLizards may contribute to the maintenance of different genospescies.

Sand Lizards Lacerta agilis Linaeus, 1758 (Lacertidae) as Hosts for Tick-borne Pathogens in the Wielkopolska National Park, Poland

TLDR
It is clearly necessary to extend this work targeting a much larger sample size of sand lizards and to combine this with concurrent sampling of blood from lizards.

The importance of lizards and small mammals as reservoirs for Borrelia lusitaniae in Portugal.

TLDR
The results reinforce the importance of lizards as reservoirs for B. lusitaniae, suggesting that P. algirus, in particular, acts as main reservoir for the genospecies in Portugal.

Parasitism of Immature Stages of Haemaphysalis sulcata (Acari: Ixodidae) on Some Reptiles in Turkey

TLDR
Reptiles may contribute to maintaining tick populations by feeding larvae, nymphs, and adults, according to this study, which is the first detailed investigation on ticks infesting reptiles in Turkey.

Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in the sand lizard Lacerta agilis and co-infection of these bacteria in hosted Ixodes ricinus ticks

TLDR
This is the first report of Anaplasmataceae DNA and additionally the second report of B. burgdorferi s.l DNA detection in the sand lizard, and there was no significant correlation between detection of both bacteria in the same tick.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES

Borreliacidal factor in the blood of the western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis).

TLDR
It is demonstrated that host immunoglobulins and the transstadial molt by themselves are not necessary for eliminating B. burgdorferi from infected nymphal ticks.

Infestation of rodents with larval Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) is an important factor in the transmission cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in German woodlands.

TLDR
It is concluded that immune processes in natural reservoir hosts induced by B. burgdorferi or I. ricinus bites (or both) are important regulatory factors in the transmission cycle(s), and that C. glareolus plays a different role as reservoir host species compared with the 2 Apodemus species.

High prevalence of Borrelia lusitaniae in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Tunisia

To investigate whether ticks of the genus Ixodes are infected by Borrelia burgdorferi complex, 490 unfed Ixodes ricinus ticks were collected by flagging in three different areas of Tunisia in 1998.

Lacerta bilineata (Reptilia, Lacertidae) as a host of Ixodes ricinus (Acari, Ixodidae) in a protected area of northern Italy.

TLDR
Tick number and prevalence were higher in males than in females, especially from April to June during the host breeding period, and infestation levels appear to be related to lizard activity patterns and behaviour.

Infestation of the southern alligator lizard (Squamata: Anguidae) by Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae) and its susceptibility to Borrelia burgdorferi.

TLDR
The southern alligator lizard is not a competent reservoir for B. burgdorferi, although it is an important host for I. pacificus subadults, and spirochetes from lizard blood or ticks that had fed on lizards and subsequently molted were unsuccessful.

Lyme disease in California: interrelationship of Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae), the western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis), and Borrelia burgdorferi.

TLDR
Findings suggest that S. occidentalis, although an important host of I. pacificus immatures, may be less important as a source for infecting ticks with B. burgdorferi, and the relationship of immature western black-legged ticks to the western fence lizard is investigated.

Abundance of Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) Infesting the Western Fence Lizard, Sceloporus Occidentalis, in Relation to Environmental Factors

TLDR
The impact of environmental characteristics, such as habitat type, topographic exposure and presence of leaf litter, on the abundance of Ixodes pacificus ticks infesting the western fence lizard at the University of California Hopland Research and Extension Center (HREC) is examined.

PREVALENCE AND ABUNDANCE OF IXODES PACIFICUS IMMATURES (ACARI: IXODIDAE) INFESTING WESTERN FENCE LIZARDS (SCELOPORUS OCCIDENTALIS) IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA: TEMPORAL TRENDS AND ENVIRONMENTAL CORRELATES

TLDR
Intensive feeding of nymphs versus larvae on these lizards, which are reservoir-incompetent for Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes, may explain previous observations of decreasing spirochetal infection prevalence from the nymphal to adult stage in northwestern California.

Efficient transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi between cofeeding Ixodes ricinus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae).

TLDR
Results suggest that a cofeeding transmission occurred between B. burgdorferi-infected ticks and noninfected ones in the absence of a disseminated infection, and the mechanism responsible is being undertaken to determine whether the mechanism is similar to that described previously with virus-infecting ticks.

Reservoir competence of the southeastern five-lined skink (Eumeces inexpectatus) and the green anole (Anolis carolinensis) for Borrelia burgdorferi.

TLDR
The ability of the lizards to sustain a Borrelia infection and infect attached ticks suggests that they may play a role in the maintenance of spirochete transmission.